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Article

Thawing Permafrost in Arctic Coastal Communities: A Framework for Studying Risks from Climate Change

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Stefansson Arctic Institute, IS-600 Akureyri, Iceland
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Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Akureyri, IS-600 Akureyri, Iceland
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Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Vienna, 1010 Wien, Austria
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Arctic Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 7300, 90014 Oulu, Finland
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Department of Pesticides, Menoufia University, Menoufia P.O. Box 32511, Egypt
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CEARC Research Center, Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines/Université Paris Saclay, 78280 Guyancourt, France
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Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
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Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, 1165 Copenhagen, Denmark
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Nordregio, SE-11186 Stockholm, Sweden
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Thule Institute, University of the Arctic, P.O. Box 7300, 90014 Oulu, Finland
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Institute for Strategic Research (IRSEM), 75007 Paris, France
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marc A. Rosen and Jonas Åkerman
Sustainability 2021, 13(5), 2651; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052651
Received: 22 December 2020 / Revised: 16 February 2021 / Accepted: 25 February 2021 / Published: 2 March 2021
Thawing permafrost creates risks to the environment, economy and culture in Arctic coastal communities. Identification of these risks and the inclusion of the societal context and the relevant stakeholder involvement is crucial in risk management and for future sustainability, yet the dual dimensions of risk and risk perception is often ignored in conceptual risk frameworks. In this paper we present a risk framework for Arctic coastal communities. Our framework builds on the notion of the dual dimensions of risk, as both physically and socially constructed, and it places risk perception and the coproduction of risk management with local stakeholders as central components into the model. Central to our framework is the importance of multidisciplinary collaboration. A conceptual model and processual framework with a description of successive steps is developed to facilitate the identification of risks of thawing permafrost in a collaboration between local communities and scientists. Our conceptual framework motivates coproduction of risk management with locals in the identification of these risks from permafrost thaw and the development of adaptation and mitigation strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; risks; permafrost; adaptation; Arctic; human exposure climate change; risks; permafrost; adaptation; Arctic; human exposure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Larsen, J.N.; Schweitzer, P.; Abass, K.; Doloisio, N.; Gartler, S.; Ingeman-Nielsen, T.; Ingimundarson, J.H.; Jungsberg, L.; Meyer, A.; Rautio, A.; Scheer, J.; Timlin, U.; Vanderlinden, J.-P.; Vullierme, M. Thawing Permafrost in Arctic Coastal Communities: A Framework for Studying Risks from Climate Change. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2651. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052651

AMA Style

Larsen JN, Schweitzer P, Abass K, Doloisio N, Gartler S, Ingeman-Nielsen T, Ingimundarson JH, Jungsberg L, Meyer A, Rautio A, Scheer J, Timlin U, Vanderlinden J-P, Vullierme M. Thawing Permafrost in Arctic Coastal Communities: A Framework for Studying Risks from Climate Change. Sustainability. 2021; 13(5):2651. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052651

Chicago/Turabian Style

Larsen, Joan N., Peter Schweitzer, Khaled Abass, Natalia Doloisio, Susanna Gartler, Thomas Ingeman-Nielsen, Jón H. Ingimundarson, Leneisja Jungsberg, Alexandra Meyer, Arja Rautio, Johanna Scheer, Ulla Timlin, Jean-Paul Vanderlinden, and Magali Vullierme. 2021. "Thawing Permafrost in Arctic Coastal Communities: A Framework for Studying Risks from Climate Change" Sustainability 13, no. 5: 2651. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052651

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