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Open AccessArticle

Cross-Cultural Validation of A Revised Environmental Identity Scale

Department of Psychology, The College of Wooster, Wooster, OH 44691, USA
Department of Marketing, Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Department of Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow 101000, Russia
Department of Recreation Sciences, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Department of Science Education and Application, National Taichung University of Education, Taichung City 403454, Taiwan
Department of Psychology, Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco, Cusco 08000, Peru
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Fanli Jia, Kendall Soucie, Kyle Matsuba and Marc A. Rosen
Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 2387; (registering DOI)
Received: 28 December 2020 / Revised: 7 February 2021 / Accepted: 17 February 2021 / Published: 23 February 2021
The environmental identity (EID) scale, first published in 2003, was developed to measure individual differences in a stable sense of interdependence and connectedness with nature. Since then, it has been reliably correlated with measures of environmental behavior and concern. However, the original scale was developed based on U.S. college students, raising questions about its validity for other types of populations. This study revised the EID scale and tested it in five countries (four continents) with a total sample size of 1717 participants. Results support strong internal consistency across all locations. Importantly, EID was significantly correlated with behavior and with environmental concern. This research gives us greater confidence that the EID construct is meaningful across different cultural contexts. Because the revised EID was designed to be relevant to a wider range of people and experiences, it is recommended as a replacement for the 2003 version. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental identity; reliability; cross-cultural validity; pro-environmental behavior environmental identity; reliability; cross-cultural validity; pro-environmental behavior
MDPI and ACS Style

Clayton, S.; Czellar, S.; Nartova-Bochaver, S.; Skibins, J.C.; Salazar, G.; Tseng, Y.-C.; Irkhin, B.; Monge-Rodriguez, F.S. Cross-Cultural Validation of A Revised Environmental Identity Scale. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2387.

AMA Style

Clayton S, Czellar S, Nartova-Bochaver S, Skibins JC, Salazar G, Tseng Y-C, Irkhin B, Monge-Rodriguez FS. Cross-Cultural Validation of A Revised Environmental Identity Scale. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):2387.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Clayton, Susan; Czellar, Sandor; Nartova-Bochaver, Sonya; Skibins, Jeffrey C.; Salazar, Gabby; Tseng, Yu-Chi; Irkhin, Boris; Monge-Rodriguez, Fredy S. 2021. "Cross-Cultural Validation of A Revised Environmental Identity Scale" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 2387.

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