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Open AccessArticle

Integration of Energy-Efficient Ventilation Systems in Historic Buildings—Review and Proposal of a Systematic Intervention Approach

1
University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
2
Eurac Research, 39100 Bozen, Italy
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Department of the Built Environment, Aalborg University, 2450 Copenhagen SV, Denmark
4
Izmir Institute of Technology, 35430 İzmir, Turkey
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ARCH+MORE ZT GmbH, 9220 Velden am Wörthersee, Austria
6
Cerema, BPE Project Team, 46, rue St Théobald, F-38080 L’Isle d’Abeau, France
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University of Savoie Mont Blanc, CNRS, LOCIE, 73000 Chambéry, France
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Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Costanzo
Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 2325; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042325
Received: 22 December 2020 / Revised: 9 February 2021 / Accepted: 10 February 2021 / Published: 20 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Historic Buildings Conservation and Energy Efficiency)
Historic building restoration and renovation requires sensitivity to the cultural heritage, historic value, and sustainability (i.e., building physics, energy efficiency, and comfort) goals of the project. Energy-efficient ventilation such as demand-controlled ventilation and heat recovery ventilation can contribute to the aforementioned goals, if ventilation concepts and airflow distribution are planned and realized in a minimally invasive way. Compared to new buildings, the building physics of historic buildings are more complicated in terms of hygrothermal performance. In particular, if internal insulation is applied, dehumidification is needed for robust and risk-free future use, while maintaining the building’s cultural value. As each ventilation system has to be chosen and adapted individually to the specific building, the selection of the appropriate system type is not an easy task. For this reason, there is a need for a scientifically valid, systematic approach to pair appropriate ventilation system and airflow distribution solutions with historical buildings. This paper provides an overview of the interrelationships between heritage conservation and the need for ventilation in energy-efficient buildings, regarding building physics and indoor environmental quality. Furthermore, a systematic approach based on assessment criteria in terms of heritage significance of the building, building physics (hygrothermal performance), and building services (energy efficiency, indoor air quality, and comfort rating) according to the standard EN 16883:2017 are applied. View Full-Text
Keywords: building services; ventilation; historic buildings; refurbishment; indoor air quality; assessment criteria building services; ventilation; historic buildings; refurbishment; indoor air quality; assessment criteria
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rieser, A.; Pfluger, R.; Troi, A.; Herrera-Avellanosa, D.; Thomsen, K.E.; Rose, J.; Arsan, Z.D.; Akkurt, G.G.; Kopeinig, G.; Guyot, G.; Chung, D. Integration of Energy-Efficient Ventilation Systems in Historic Buildings—Review and Proposal of a Systematic Intervention Approach. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2325. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042325

AMA Style

Rieser A, Pfluger R, Troi A, Herrera-Avellanosa D, Thomsen KE, Rose J, Arsan ZD, Akkurt GG, Kopeinig G, Guyot G, Chung D. Integration of Energy-Efficient Ventilation Systems in Historic Buildings—Review and Proposal of a Systematic Intervention Approach. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):2325. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042325

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rieser, Alexander; Pfluger, Rainer; Troi, Alexandra; Herrera-Avellanosa, Daniel; Thomsen, Kirsten E.; Rose, Jørgen; Arsan, Zeynep D.; Akkurt, Gulden G.; Kopeinig, Gerhard; Guyot, Gaëlle; Chung, Daniel. 2021. "Integration of Energy-Efficient Ventilation Systems in Historic Buildings—Review and Proposal of a Systematic Intervention Approach" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 2325. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042325

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