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Case Report

Transit-Oriented Development: Exploring Citizen Perceptions in a Booming City, Can Tho City, Vietnam

1
Research Center of Smart Construction, National Central University, Jhongli, Taoyuan 32001, Taiwan
2
Department of Civil Engineering, National Central University, Jhongli, Taoyuan 32001, Taiwan
3
School of Management Science and Real Estate, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mohammad Miralinaghi
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1370; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031370
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 23 January 2021 / Accepted: 25 January 2021 / Published: 28 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Transportation and Traffic in Smart Cities)
Transit-oriented development (TOD) is a crucial method for sustainable urban development and encouraging the use of public transit, especially for large densely populated cities such as Can Tho City, one of the top five cities in Vietnam. This study is aimed at identifying the factors which have a significant effect on the citizens’ engagement of public transport in the TOD environment. Based on the literature review and expert knowledge, 3 hypotheses related to citizens’ perceptions and citizen’s engagement are developed. A questionnaire was accordingly established using structural equation modeling (SEM). As a result, a total of 8 factors with 31 stems were obtained. The survey questionnaires were distributed to citizens of Can Tho City with 749 responses collected for KMO test Chi-square of 0.905. The analysis shows that all three hypotheses stand: (1) the citizens’ perception of local government’s capacity plays an important role in the citizens’ willingness to engage on public transport; the citizens’ perception of the usefulness of (2) TOD and (3) public transport has a positive influence on the engagement on public transport system. The major contribution of this study is that it can help other cities in developing countries to apply TOD. View Full-Text
Keywords: structural equation modeling (SEM); transit-oriented development (TOD); sustainable transportation; citizen perception structural equation modeling (SEM); transit-oriented development (TOD); sustainable transportation; citizen perception
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, J.-H.; Nguyen, H.T.T.; Chou, C.-C.; Wang, J.-P.; Wang, T.-K. Transit-Oriented Development: Exploring Citizen Perceptions in a Booming City, Can Tho City, Vietnam. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1370. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031370

AMA Style

Chen J-H, Nguyen HTT, Chou C-C, Wang J-P, Wang T-K. Transit-Oriented Development: Exploring Citizen Perceptions in a Booming City, Can Tho City, Vietnam. Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1370. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031370

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Jieh-Haur, Ha Thi Thu Nguyen, Chien-Cheng Chou, Jui-Pin Wang, and Ting-Kwei Wang. 2021. "Transit-Oriented Development: Exploring Citizen Perceptions in a Booming City, Can Tho City, Vietnam" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1370. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031370

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