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Article

Polylactic Acid and Its Cellulose Based Composite as a Significant Tool for the Production of Optimized Models Modified for Additive Manufacturing

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Department of Computer Aided Manufacturing Technologies, Faculty of Manufacturing Technologies with a Seat in Prešov, Technical University of Košice, Štúrova 31, 08001 Prešov, Slovakia
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Department of Technical Systems Design and Monitoring, Faculty of Manufacturing Technologies with a Seat in Prešov, Technical University of Košice, Štúrova 31, 08001 Prešov, Slovakia
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Department of Industrial Engineering and Informatics, Faculty of Manufacturing Technologies with a Seat in Prešov, Technical University of Košice with the Seat in Prešov, Štúrova 31, 08001 Prešov, Slovakia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: G Venkatesh
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1256; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031256
Received: 28 December 2020 / Revised: 21 January 2021 / Accepted: 21 January 2021 / Published: 26 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Resource Recovery in a Circular Bio-Economy)
The application of topological optimization is currently considered one of the current trends. Because the shape of the components thus designed is the result of a design generated based on external influences acting on the model, their form can be considered almost optimal. For example, the extent of material savings resulting from shortening production cycles and reducing energy requirements is significant. Due to the way models are produced by layering the material in 3D printing, this technology makes it possible to get a little closer to the models’ optimal shape, for example, to produce prototype models for the production of injection moulds. The amazing amount of plastic and composite materials that this technology brings allows for a variable change in manufactured models based on requirements or external influences. These materials also include a group of materials and composite materials that are classified as biodegradable due to their composition. This fact, combined with the possibility of achieving the most optimal shape of components, contributes to reducing the environmental burden of such oriented production. This work presents the opportunities for modifying topological optimization outputs based on operating parameters and limits of additive production equipment fused deposition modeling (FDM). It gives the possibilities of using alternative ecological materials, their direct application, and the impact on creating models with the help of this technology. The final phase represents the result of the optimization process of the subsystem mechanism and the influence of the mechanical properties of biodegradable materials on the production process and the energy intensity of production. The aim of this work is to point out the fact and possibilities of using composite materials on a natural basis and their possible impact on reducing the environmental burden. View Full-Text
Keywords: topological optimization; additive manufacturing; FDM/FFF technology; sustainable development; resource recovery; PLA; cellulose topological optimization; additive manufacturing; FDM/FFF technology; sustainable development; resource recovery; PLA; cellulose
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kaščak, J.; Gašpár, Š.; Paško, J.; Husár, J.; Knapčíková, L. Polylactic Acid and Its Cellulose Based Composite as a Significant Tool for the Production of Optimized Models Modified for Additive Manufacturing. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1256. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031256

AMA Style

Kaščak J, Gašpár Š, Paško J, Husár J, Knapčíková L. Polylactic Acid and Its Cellulose Based Composite as a Significant Tool for the Production of Optimized Models Modified for Additive Manufacturing. Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1256. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031256

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kaščak, Jakub, Štefan Gašpár, Ján Paško, Jozef Husár, and Lucia Knapčíková. 2021. "Polylactic Acid and Its Cellulose Based Composite as a Significant Tool for the Production of Optimized Models Modified for Additive Manufacturing" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1256. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031256

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