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Open AccessArticle

Healthy Students: Adaptation and Validation of the Instrument from the Workplace to the Educational Field

1
Departmental Area of Physical Activity and Sport, Centro de Estudios Universitarios Cardenal Spínola CEU, 41004 Sevilla, Spain
2
Faculty of Law and Social Sciences, Valencian Internacional University, 46002 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jinsoo Hwang
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1134; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031134
Received: 1 December 2020 / Revised: 18 January 2021 / Accepted: 19 January 2021 / Published: 22 January 2021
Psychological capital (optimism, resilience, hope and self-efficacy) has been joined by a new dimension in the workplace. This is engagement, a new construct, and a research questionnaire called the healthy employee was created to assess this dimension. In this sense, the present work has the aim of adapting and validating this questionnaire of the healthy employee in the educational field, calling this person a healthy student. In total, 290 students (140 women and 150 men) undertaking different university degrees were recruited for this research. A confirmatory factor analysis was carried out to test the structure of two different models in the workplace, with five and eight dimensions, and to adapt and verify the reliability of the models in the educational setting. The results showed a poor fit for both models, suggesting the elimination of four items in the five-dimensional model and of three items in the eight-dimensional model. In addition, the five-dimensional model indicated discriminant validity, while the eight-dimensional model presented non-compliance between two dimensions. Therefore, this work generates an instrument with adequate psychometric properties in the five-dimensional model in the educational field. View Full-Text
Keywords: healthy student; positive emotions; engagement; resilient; self-efficacy; competence; educational field healthy student; positive emotions; engagement; resilient; self-efficacy; competence; educational field
MDPI and ACS Style

Gómez-Chacón, R.; Fernández-Martínez, N.; Gálvez-Ruiz, P. Healthy Students: Adaptation and Validation of the Instrument from the Workplace to the Educational Field. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1134. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031134

AMA Style

Gómez-Chacón R, Fernández-Martínez N, Gálvez-Ruiz P. Healthy Students: Adaptation and Validation of the Instrument from the Workplace to the Educational Field. Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1134. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031134

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gómez-Chacón, Ramón; Fernández-Martínez, Nicolás; Gálvez-Ruiz, Pablo. 2021. "Healthy Students: Adaptation and Validation of the Instrument from the Workplace to the Educational Field" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1134. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031134

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