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Article

Sustainable Management Options for Healthy Rivers in South Asia: The Case of Brahmaputra

1
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Lalitpur 44700, Nepal
2
Water, Climate and Hazard Division, Aaranyak, Guwahati 781028, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1087; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031087
Received: 30 October 2020 / Revised: 16 December 2020 / Accepted: 17 December 2020 / Published: 21 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Durable Protections for Free-Flowing Rivers)
The Brahmaputra is one of the largest river systems of South Asia, providing life-supporting services to about 70 million people. Massive flooding, land erosion, over-exploitation of water, excessive fishing, habitat degradation and fragmentation, exploitation of flood plains, climate change impacts, absence of integrated basin wide management, and transboundary cooperation are major challenges for the present and future sustainability and development in the basin. Although hydrological connectivity is intact in most of the main course of the river, the infrastructure development plans may convert the Brahmaputra to a predominantly managed river system. In this regard, this paper examines the physiographic, ecological, hydrological, and socioeconomic status of the Brahmaputra river, its transnational basin in South Asia, and the basin population in the cross-cutting context to explore its sustainable management options. For a durable future of the river and its communities, an integrated management mechanism among the basin countries with the objective of equitable benefit sharing, disaster risk management, and resilience building is needed. The suggested strategies will help in maintaining the ecohydrological health and utilitarian services of the river for the socioeconomic development of millions of poor and marginalized people living in the basin. View Full-Text
Keywords: river connectivity; freshwater ecosystem; multi-hazard scenario; transboundary cooperation; river basin management river connectivity; freshwater ecosystem; multi-hazard scenario; transboundary cooperation; river basin management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pradhan, N.S.; Das, P.J.; Gupta, N.; Shrestha, A.B. Sustainable Management Options for Healthy Rivers in South Asia: The Case of Brahmaputra. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1087. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031087

AMA Style

Pradhan NS, Das PJ, Gupta N, Shrestha AB. Sustainable Management Options for Healthy Rivers in South Asia: The Case of Brahmaputra. Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1087. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031087

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pradhan, Neera S., Partha J. Das, Nishikant Gupta, and Arun B. Shrestha. 2021. "Sustainable Management Options for Healthy Rivers in South Asia: The Case of Brahmaputra" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1087. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031087

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