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Article

Conceptualising the Sustainable Energy Security Dimensions of Malaysia: A Thematic Analysis through Stakeholder Engagement to Draw Policy Implications

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Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Nottingham Malaysia, Semenyih 43500, Selangor, Malaysia
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Department of Earth Sciences and Environment, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia
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Centre for Tropical Climate Change System, Institute of Climate Change, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia
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School of Robotics, XJTLU Entrepreneur College, Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou 215123, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Abdul Wadood and Herie Park
Sustainability 2021, 13(21), 12027; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112027
Received: 17 September 2021 / Revised: 24 October 2021 / Accepted: 25 October 2021 / Published: 31 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Supply Chain and Energy Security in Sustainability)
This study aims to provide established knowledge of the multi-dimensional concept of energy security through engaging stakeholders and experts. Energy security policy implications have been suggested in this study to address and mitigate energy security challenges. A total of seven emerging themes from semi-structured interviews have been discussed in-depth to understand the role of each theme and their interactions with energy policies. There is an urgent need to reduce dependency on fossil fuels and to look for alternative fuel options from renewable sources. At the same time, energy-efficient technology plays a significant role in improving overall efficiency and leading to reduced wastage of energy. This would, in turn, improve the availability and affordability of energy in Malaysia. Energy equity gets the most emphasis in the energy trilemma of Malaysia; however, equal importance should be attached to the nation’s energy security alongside environmental sustainability. The final decision of the trilemma balance and the energy policies that govern the energy use framework depends on the ministries and the regulatory bodies. An indicator mapping process has been recommended for these themes to quantify energy security by developing an energy security index. The thematic results discussed in this study have the potential to facilitate policymakers and energy analysts of countries with similar energy outlooks to design data-driven energy security policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy security; stakeholders; sustainability; energy economics; environmental policy; energy policy; policy implication; renewable energy; energy security index energy security; stakeholders; sustainability; energy economics; environmental policy; energy policy; policy implication; renewable energy; energy security index
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shadman, S.; Hanafiah, M.M.; Chin, C.M.M.; Yap, E.H.; Sakundarini, N. Conceptualising the Sustainable Energy Security Dimensions of Malaysia: A Thematic Analysis through Stakeholder Engagement to Draw Policy Implications. Sustainability 2021, 13, 12027. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112027

AMA Style

Shadman S, Hanafiah MM, Chin CMM, Yap EH, Sakundarini N. Conceptualising the Sustainable Energy Security Dimensions of Malaysia: A Thematic Analysis through Stakeholder Engagement to Draw Policy Implications. Sustainability. 2021; 13(21):12027. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112027

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shadman, Saleh, Marlia Mohd Hanafiah, Christina May May Chin, Eng Hwa Yap, and Novita Sakundarini. 2021. "Conceptualising the Sustainable Energy Security Dimensions of Malaysia: A Thematic Analysis through Stakeholder Engagement to Draw Policy Implications" Sustainability 13, no. 21: 12027. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112027

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