Next Article in Journal
Coping with Stress: How Hotel Employees Fight to Work
Previous Article in Journal
A Multi-Objective Meta-Heuristic Approach to Improve the Bus Transit Network: A Case Study of Fargo-Moorhead Area
Previous Article in Special Issue
Trends and Challenges in Regional Life Cycle Management: A Bibliometric Analysis
 
 
Review

A Review on the Use of Life Cycle Methodologies and Tools in Sustainable Regional Development

1
Sustainable Solutions, 75004 Paris, France
2
Department of Bioenergy, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research–UFZ, 04318 Leipzig, Germany
3
Institute of Molecular Sciences (ISM), Université de Bordeaux, 33400 Talence, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jorge de Brito
Sustainability 2021, 13(19), 10881; https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910881
Received: 28 July 2021 / Revised: 15 September 2021 / Accepted: 19 September 2021 / Published: 30 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Life Cycle Management for Sustainable Regional Development)
This review examines how life cycle methodologies are presently used by regional authorities in their sustainable development programmes. The review incorporates formal methods of life cycle assessment (LCA) as well as non-standardised approaches like life cycle management (LCM). The review describes the sustainability agenda facing regions, and a ‘life cycle toolbox’ that can be used at territorial level. Several parallel literature research methods were used to collect representative examples from around the world of regional life cycle approaches, identifying a variety of common and still-evolving methodologies used to address sustainability issues and applications. Results show that regional use of various life cycle methodologies from the toolbox is growing although scope is often constrained to short life chains, and with limited consideration of secondary (“spillover”) impacts. The conclusions confirm earlier findings that current life cycle tools are not always ideally structured for public sector organisations, with some not yet mature for addressing regional sustainability issues, such as biodiversity, land use and social impacts. Regional data aggregation is currently insufficient for certain methods. Further research is needed to adapt certain life cycle methodologies for regional application, but many available tools could already be further applied than is currently the case. View Full-Text
Keywords: life cycle management; life cycle assessment; life cycle approaches; life cycle toolbox; territorial development; sustainable development; sustainable regions; regional material flows; regional footprint life cycle management; life cycle assessment; life cycle approaches; life cycle toolbox; territorial development; sustainable development; sustainable regions; regional material flows; regional footprint
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Balkau, F.; Bezama, A.; Leroy-Parmentier, N.; Sonnemann, G. A Review on the Use of Life Cycle Methodologies and Tools in Sustainable Regional Development. Sustainability 2021, 13, 10881. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910881

AMA Style

Balkau F, Bezama A, Leroy-Parmentier N, Sonnemann G. A Review on the Use of Life Cycle Methodologies and Tools in Sustainable Regional Development. Sustainability. 2021; 13(19):10881. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910881

Chicago/Turabian Style

Balkau, Fritz, Alberto Bezama, Noemie Leroy-Parmentier, and Guido Sonnemann. 2021. "A Review on the Use of Life Cycle Methodologies and Tools in Sustainable Regional Development" Sustainability 13, no. 19: 10881. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910881

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop