Next Article in Journal
Junction Management for Connected and Automated Vehicles: Intersection or Roundabout?
Next Article in Special Issue
Towards Higher Quality of Recycled Plastics: Limitations from the Material’s Perspective
Previous Article in Journal
Drivers of Proactive Environmental Strategies: Evidence from the Pharmaceutical Industry of Asian Economies
Previous Article in Special Issue
Factors Shaping the Recycling Systems for Plastic Packaging Waste—A Comparison between Austria, Germany and The Netherlands
Article

Conversion of Marine Litter from Venice Lagoon into Marine Fuels via Thermochemical Route: The Overview of Products, Their Yield, Quality and Environmental Impact

1
Sintol, Corso Matteotti 32A, 10125 Torino, Italy
2
University of Nova Gorica, Vipavska 13, SI-5000 Nova Gorica, Slovenia
3
Department for Polymer Chemistry and Technology, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
4
Department of Catalysis and Chemical Reaction Engineering, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: John N. Hahladakis, Eleni Iacovidou and Eggo Ulphard Thoden van Velzen
Sustainability 2021, 13(16), 9481; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13169481
Received: 19 July 2021 / Revised: 19 August 2021 / Accepted: 20 August 2021 / Published: 23 August 2021
Plastics floating in ocean gyres are a popular topic within pollution discussion; however, no simple solution exists to deal with marine litter. Overcoming limitations in collection, and perhaps even more in the environmentally, technically and economically acceptable use of the collected material, is of paramount importance. This paper presents initial results from converting plastic marine litter processed as-is, without pretreatment, and sorting into marine gas oil (MGO) compliant with the ISO8217 DMA standard via a pyrolysis and distillation process. Yields, composition and key properties of products along with levels of eight environmental contaminants potentially generated by the process are presented. More than 100 kg of actual marine litter from the Venice Lagoon, including polyolefins packaging and polyamides fishing nets, were converted into products at approximately 45 wt% yield of which approximately 50% (V/V) was MGO. By our knowledge, this is the first report of chemical recycling of real marine litter targeting the production of standardized marine fuels beyond laboratory scale, outlining coarse but realistic figures finally available as an initial benchmark. The process supports the concept of circularity in the blue economy and could be employed to tackle difficult terrestrial plastic waste to help prevent marine litter generation. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine litter; marine fuel; pyrolysis; circular economy; environmental impact marine litter; marine fuel; pyrolysis; circular economy; environmental impact
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Faussone, G.C.; Kržan, A.; Grilc, M. Conversion of Marine Litter from Venice Lagoon into Marine Fuels via Thermochemical Route: The Overview of Products, Their Yield, Quality and Environmental Impact. Sustainability 2021, 13, 9481. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13169481

AMA Style

Faussone GC, Kržan A, Grilc M. Conversion of Marine Litter from Venice Lagoon into Marine Fuels via Thermochemical Route: The Overview of Products, Their Yield, Quality and Environmental Impact. Sustainability. 2021; 13(16):9481. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13169481

Chicago/Turabian Style

Faussone, Gian C., Andrej Kržan, and Miha Grilc. 2021. "Conversion of Marine Litter from Venice Lagoon into Marine Fuels via Thermochemical Route: The Overview of Products, Their Yield, Quality and Environmental Impact" Sustainability 13, no. 16: 9481. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13169481

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop