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Article

The Impact of COVID-19 on Urban Agriculture in São Paulo, Brazil

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Study Group in Urban Agriculture (GEAU), Advanced Studies Institute (IEA), University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo 05508-060, Brazil
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Human Geography Postgraduate Program of the Faculty of Philosophy, Languages and Human Sciences (FFLCH), University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo 05508-060, Brazil
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Alternative and Emerging Agriculture (AGREMAL), University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo 05508-060, Brazil
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UMR SAD-APT, Université Paris-Saclay, 75231 Paris, France
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Department of Pathology, Medical School (FM), University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo 01246-903, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alexander Wezel
Sustainability 2021, 13(11), 6185; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116185
Received: 13 March 2021 / Revised: 18 May 2021 / Accepted: 20 May 2021 / Published: 31 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Post-COVID-19 Agriculture and Food Security)
During the initial months of the COVID-19 pandemic, farmers worldwide were greatly affected by disruptions in the food chain. In 2020, São Paulo city experienced most of the effects of the pandemic in Brazil, with 15,587 deaths through December 2020. Here, we describe the impacts of COVID-19 on urban agriculture (UA) in São Paulo from April to August 2020. We analyzed two governmental surveys of 2100 farmers from São Paulo state and 148 from São Paulo city and two qualitative surveys of volunteers from ten community gardens and seven urban farmers. Our data showed that 50% of the farmers were impacted by the pandemic with drops in sales, especially those that depended on intermediaries. Some farmers in the city adapted to novel sales channels, but 22% claimed that obtaining inputs became difficult. No municipal support was provided to UA in São Paulo, and pre-existing issues were exacerbated. Work on community gardens decreased, but no garden permanently closed. Post COVID-19, UA will have the challenge of maintaining local food chains established during the pandemic. Due to the increase in the price of inputs and the lack of technical assistance, governmental efforts should be implemented to support UA. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban agriculture; commercial farmers; noncommercial community gardens; COVID-19; São Paulo; pandemic urban agriculture; commercial farmers; noncommercial community gardens; COVID-19; São Paulo; pandemic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Biazoti, A.R.; Nakamura, A.C.; Nagib, G.; Leão, V.O.P.d.S.; Giacchè, G.; Mauad, T. The Impact of COVID-19 on Urban Agriculture in São Paulo, Brazil. Sustainability 2021, 13, 6185. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116185

AMA Style

Biazoti AR, Nakamura AC, Nagib G, Leão VOPdS, Giacchè G, Mauad T. The Impact of COVID-19 on Urban Agriculture in São Paulo, Brazil. Sustainability. 2021; 13(11):6185. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116185

Chicago/Turabian Style

Biazoti, André R., Angélica C. Nakamura, Gustavo Nagib, Vitória O.P.d.S. Leão, Giulia Giacchè, and Thais Mauad. 2021. "The Impact of COVID-19 on Urban Agriculture in São Paulo, Brazil" Sustainability 13, no. 11: 6185. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116185

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