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Ecosystem Based Adaptation: Concept and Terminology in Strategic Adaptation Planning (Municipal and Inter-Municipal) in Portugal

Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (cE3c), Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, Bloco C2, Piso 5, 1749-016 Lisbon, Portugal
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Academic Editors: Alessandra De Marco and Jeroen Meersmans
Sustainability 2021, 13(11), 6145; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116145
Received: 16 March 2021 / Revised: 6 May 2021 / Accepted: 26 May 2021 / Published: 29 May 2021
Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) is a nature-based solution that has gained importance in the context of international climate policy, such as in the EU Adaptation Strategy (2013), which explicitly encourages its adoption and which should continue in The European Green Deal. This study aims to analyze how the EbA concept has been adopted in strategic adaptation planning at the municipal and intermunicipal levels in Portugal after the publication of the European adaptation strategy in 2013. Thus, a quantitative content analysis was carried out, based on EbA keywords, of municipal strategies and intermunicipal plans in Portugal. The term “ecosystem-based” has not been transposed as an explicit objective at the municipal and intermunicipal levels. All strategies and plans have included indirect references to the underlying elements of the EbA concept. This study highlights that although the EU Adaptation Strategy explicitly encourages EbA, this does not mean that it is adopted as a preferred adaptation approach at the local level in Portugal. The EbA seems to be more widely understood by the research community than by municipal technicians or private companies. It is necessary to explore how the EbA concept can be more widely accepted through the generation of co-benefits and by synergies between topics. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA); strategic planning of adaptation; climate change; biodiversity; ecosystem service; nature-based solution ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA); strategic planning of adaptation; climate change; biodiversity; ecosystem service; nature-based solution
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cousiño, A.; Penha-Lopes, G. Ecosystem Based Adaptation: Concept and Terminology in Strategic Adaptation Planning (Municipal and Inter-Municipal) in Portugal. Sustainability 2021, 13, 6145. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116145

AMA Style

Cousiño A, Penha-Lopes G. Ecosystem Based Adaptation: Concept and Terminology in Strategic Adaptation Planning (Municipal and Inter-Municipal) in Portugal. Sustainability. 2021; 13(11):6145. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116145

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cousiño, Ana, and Gil Penha-Lopes. 2021. "Ecosystem Based Adaptation: Concept and Terminology in Strategic Adaptation Planning (Municipal and Inter-Municipal) in Portugal" Sustainability 13, no. 11: 6145. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116145

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