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Article

Key Challenges to Sustainable Humanitarian Supply Chains: Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Krishnankoil, Tamil Nadu 626126, India
2
Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
3
UTS Business School, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Carmen Aviles-Palacios and María Jesús Muñoz-Torres
Sustainability 2021, 13(11), 5850; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13115850
Received: 25 March 2021 / Revised: 17 May 2021 / Accepted: 20 May 2021 / Published: 22 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ensuring Sustainability towards the 2030 Mission)
COVID-19 has had a major impact on health, economic, social, and industrial activities. It has disrupted supply chain management and affected the movement of essential supplies to a large extent. This study aims to identify and evaluate the challenges hampering sustainable humanitarian supply chain management (SHSCM). Twenty critical challenges to SHSCM are identified using a comprehensive literature review, and three strategies were developed. The challenges and strategies were verified using expert input. The challenges were evaluated using the neutrosophic analytic hierarchical process (AHP) method. The neutrosophic TODIM (an acronym in Portuguese for interactive multicriteria decision making) method was then used to select the best strategy. The findings reveal that facility location problems, short lead times for emergency supplies, spread of rumors, rapid emergence of new clusters, and doubt concerning the available remedy are five critical challenges in SHSCM during COVID-19. Public–private partnerships are identified as the best strategy in SHSCM. Finally, this paper discusses the implications to sustainable development goals in the post-COVID-19 pandemic era. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; neutrosophic AHP; TODIM; sustainable HSCM; public–private partnership COVID-19; neutrosophic AHP; TODIM; sustainable HSCM; public–private partnership
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MDPI and ACS Style

Karuppiah, K.; Sankaranarayanan, B.; Ali, S.M.; Paul, S.K. Key Challenges to Sustainable Humanitarian Supply Chains: Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5850. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13115850

AMA Style

Karuppiah K, Sankaranarayanan B, Ali SM, Paul SK. Key Challenges to Sustainable Humanitarian Supply Chains: Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic. Sustainability. 2021; 13(11):5850. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13115850

Chicago/Turabian Style

Karuppiah, Koppiahraj, Bathrinath Sankaranarayanan, Syed M. Ali, and Sanjoy K. Paul. 2021. "Key Challenges to Sustainable Humanitarian Supply Chains: Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic" Sustainability 13, no. 11: 5850. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13115850

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