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Father Verspieren and Mali Aqua Viva: Lessons Learned from Fighting Drought and Poverty with Photovoltaic Solar Energy in Africa

Istituto per lo Studio dei Materiali Nanostrutturati, CNR, 90146 Palermo, Italy
Sustainability 2020, 12(8), 3136; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083136
Received: 5 March 2020 / Revised: 2 April 2020 / Accepted: 7 April 2020 / Published: 14 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solar Energy in Africa)
Almost fifty years after the first installations, I identify the main lessons learned from fighting drought and poverty in Africa with direct solar-powered pumps, thanks to Father Bernard Verspieren and Mali Aqua Viva. Six main findings and three main recommendations emerge from the present analysis. They are of direct relevance to all the countries in Africa whose population has gone from 438 million in 1977 to 1308 million in 2019, with about 600 million still having no access to electricity. In place of “awareness campaigns” and extraordinary courses held by international organizations, I recommend the establishment of national solar energy institutes whose task will include the education of solar energy professionals and giving practice-oriented workshops on solar-powered drip irrigation and rainwater harvesting throughout each of Africa’s countries. This education will critically include the economic and social aspects of distributed “generation” of energy and water from sunlight and rainfall. View Full-Text
Keywords: photovoltaics; solar energy; Father Verspieren; solar energy in Africa; rainwater harvesting; solar pump photovoltaics; solar energy; Father Verspieren; solar energy in Africa; rainwater harvesting; solar pump
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pagliaro, M. Father Verspieren and Mali Aqua Viva: Lessons Learned from Fighting Drought and Poverty with Photovoltaic Solar Energy in Africa. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3136. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083136

AMA Style

Pagliaro M. Father Verspieren and Mali Aqua Viva: Lessons Learned from Fighting Drought and Poverty with Photovoltaic Solar Energy in Africa. Sustainability. 2020; 12(8):3136. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083136

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pagliaro, Mario. 2020. "Father Verspieren and Mali Aqua Viva: Lessons Learned from Fighting Drought and Poverty with Photovoltaic Solar Energy in Africa" Sustainability 12, no. 8: 3136. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083136

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