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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Labor Migration on Farmers’ Cultivated Land Quality Protection

College of Economics and Management, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
Institute of Food Economics, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing 210003, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(7), 2953;
Received: 22 March 2020 / Revised: 30 March 2020 / Accepted: 31 March 2020 / Published: 7 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impacts of Land Tenure Systems on Land Use Sustainability)
Since the reform and opening up, a large proportion of the Chinese rural labor force has transferred to urban and non-agricultural industries. Rural labor transfer not only changes the allocation of household labor in agricultural and non-agricultural sectors but also affects the utilization of other agricultural production factors. Based on data from 818 households in three counties in northern Jiangsu province, this paper analyzed the impact of labor migration on farmers’ adoption of cultivated land quality protection (CLQP) behaviors. The survey results showed that farmers’ awareness of CLQP was still very weak, and the proportion of farmers adopting measures such as subsoiling, straw application, cover crops and green manures and the complementary use of organic fertilizers was still relatively low. The empirical results showed that perennial out-migration for work can constrain households’ protective inputs into soil conservation, but part-time farming locally can promote households’ inputs. The results also showed that farmer characteristics, farming conditions and external environment also significantly affected the farmers’ adoption of soil conservation practices. According to these conclusions, this paper puts forward the corresponding policy implications. View Full-Text
Keywords: labor migration; cultivated land quality protection; Mvprobit model labor migration; cultivated land quality protection; Mvprobit model
MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, H.; Zhang, Y.; Wu, S.; Cai, R. The Effect of Labor Migration on Farmers’ Cultivated Land Quality Protection. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2953.

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