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Open AccessArticle

Consumers’ Perception and Willingness to Pay for Eco-Labeled Seafood in Italian Hypermarkets

1
Institute for Biological Resources and Marine Biotechnologies (IRBIM), National Research Council of Italy (CNR), 91026 Mazara del Vallo, Italy
2
Department of Economics, Business and Statistics, University of Palermo, 90100 Palermo, Italy
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Institute of Anthropic Impacts and Sustainability in Marine Environment (IAS), National Research Council of Italy (CNR), 90100 Palermo, Italy
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Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Science, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 51-630 Wrocław, Poland
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Institute of Anthropic Impacts and Sustainability in Marine Environment (IAS), National Research Council of Italy (CNR), 91021 Capo Granitola, Italy
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Institute for Studies on the Mediterranean (ISMed), National Research Council of Italy (CNR), 90145 Palermo, Italy
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Department of Law, LUMSA University, 90145 Palermo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(4), 1434; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041434 (registering DOI)
Received: 12 December 2019 / Revised: 24 January 2020 / Accepted: 26 January 2020 / Published: 14 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
The aim of this paper is to discuss eco-labels for fish products, which are a useful tool to improve both seafood markets and strategies for sustainability management. In this study, 560 consumer-surveys were conducted in selected towns in northern and southern Italy. Both probit and linear regression modeling were used to measure consumers’ perception and willingness to pay for anchovy eco-labels. Italian hypermarket consumers demonstrated attention to environmental features as well as to eco-products, at times, independent of income. The results of this study show that willingness to pay relates to gender, family situation, mass communication, environmental features, angler community, and store, along with information from eco-labels. Specifically, females appeared highly responsive to seafood eco-labels, and their preferences were informed by environmental aspects along with a strong intrinsic motivation to protect marine habitats. According to our analysis, seafood eco-labels could increase the consumers’ willingness to pay between 16%–24% more for the product. Given that consumers’ willingness to pay can reveal a new form of an “ecosystem approach to fishery management”, there is a high chance that premium prices could become a tool for sustainable resource management. View Full-Text
Keywords: awareness; price premium; European anchovy; Mediterranean Sea awareness; price premium; European anchovy; Mediterranean Sea
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Vitale, S.; Biondo, F.; Giosuè, C.; Bono, G.; Okpala, C.O.R.; Piazza, I.; Sprovieri, M.; Pipitone, V. Consumers’ Perception and Willingness to Pay for Eco-Labeled Seafood in Italian Hypermarkets. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1434.

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