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Article

Green Awareness in Action—How Energy Conservation Action Forces on Environmental Knowledge, Values and Behaviour in Adolescents’ School Life

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Didactics of Biology, Z-MNU (Centre of Math & Science Education), University of Bayreuth, NW-1, Campus, D-95447 Bayreuth, Germany
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Research and Development Department, Ellinogermaniki Agogi, GR-15351 Athens/Pallini, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(3), 955; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12030955
Received: 28 December 2019 / Revised: 20 January 2020 / Accepted: 24 January 2020 / Published: 28 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Monitoring and Intervening with Adolescent Green Attitudes and Values)
Affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy consumption is a crucial goal of the Agenda 2030. To raise each citizen’s awareness for more effective energy consumptions, proper education is necessary. The classroom project GAIA (Green Awareness in Action) was designed to change energy consumption patterns to pursue green behaviour. The class-wise aim was to improve schools’ CO2-balance and to promote environmentally sustainable behaviour without impacting school life quality. Our target group were sixth graders (N = 132, M = 11.03, SD ± 0.23, 53.4% = girls) of one Greek school. To monitor the project’s effect, a pre- and post-test design was applied to measure environmental literacy regarding environmental knowledge, attitudes/values and behaviour. A regression analysis revealed that students with poor previous knowledge reached higher learning effects compared to those with good previous knowledge. Related to the environmental knowledge types, an ANCOVA analysis revealed a knowledge gain in action-related and effectiveness knowledge. The overall learning effect correlates positively with pro-environmental preference (high scores in preservation, low scores in utilisation) and negatively with weak pro-environmental preferences. Anthropocentric (utilitarian) preferences primarily focussing on nature exploitation have considerably decreased. The project illustrates how far individual behaviour can be targeted in green educational initiatives. View Full-Text
Keywords: Environmental Education (EE); Education for Sustainable Development (ESD); environmental knowledge types and values; Environmental Literacy (EL); moderated regression; sustainability Environmental Education (EE); Education for Sustainable Development (ESD); environmental knowledge types and values; Environmental Literacy (EL); moderated regression; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Maurer, M.; Koulouris, P.; Bogner, F.X. Green Awareness in Action—How Energy Conservation Action Forces on Environmental Knowledge, Values and Behaviour in Adolescents’ School Life. Sustainability 2020, 12, 955. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12030955

AMA Style

Maurer M, Koulouris P, Bogner FX. Green Awareness in Action—How Energy Conservation Action Forces on Environmental Knowledge, Values and Behaviour in Adolescents’ School Life. Sustainability. 2020; 12(3):955. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12030955

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maurer, Michaela, Pavlos Koulouris, and Franz X. Bogner. 2020. "Green Awareness in Action—How Energy Conservation Action Forces on Environmental Knowledge, Values and Behaviour in Adolescents’ School Life" Sustainability 12, no. 3: 955. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12030955

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