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What Are the Implications of Climate Change for Retrofitted Historic Buildings? A Literature Review

1
Department of Architecture, Built Environment and Construction Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, 20133 Milano, Italy
2
Institute for Renewable Energy, Eurac Research, 39100 Bolzano, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7557; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187557
Received: 7 August 2020 / Revised: 8 September 2020 / Accepted: 11 September 2020 / Published: 14 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Historic Buildings Conservation and Energy Efficiency)
Historic buildings account for more than one-quarter of Europe’s existing building stock and are going to be crucial in the achievement of future energy targets. Although a drastic reduction in carbon emissions would slow climate change, an alteration in the climate is already certain. Therefore, the impact of climate change on retrofitted historic buildings should be considered in terms of occupants’ comfort, heritage conservation, and energy performance. Inappropriate interventions might weaken the potential of traditional climate adaptive solutions, such as thermal mass and night cooling, leading to higher risks of overheating in a warming climate. Similarly, retrofit solutions will change the moisture dynamics of historic envelopes, which might lead to moisture damages when combined with more extreme precipitation events. This paper reviews recent literature that provides evidence of climate change’s impact on retrofitted buildings, reveals potential future risks, and thereby sheds light on new factors influencing the decision-making process in the retrofit of historic buildings. View Full-Text
Keywords: historic buildings; energy retrofit; climate change; internal climate; overheating; moisture risks historic buildings; energy retrofit; climate change; internal climate; overheating; moisture risks
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hao, L.; Herrera-Avellanosa, D.; Del Pero, C.; Troi, A. What Are the Implications of Climate Change for Retrofitted Historic Buildings? A Literature Review. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7557. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187557

AMA Style

Hao L, Herrera-Avellanosa D, Del Pero C, Troi A. What Are the Implications of Climate Change for Retrofitted Historic Buildings? A Literature Review. Sustainability. 2020; 12(18):7557. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187557

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hao, Lingjun, Daniel Herrera-Avellanosa, Claudio Del Pero, and Alexandra Troi. 2020. "What Are the Implications of Climate Change for Retrofitted Historic Buildings? A Literature Review" Sustainability 12, no. 18: 7557. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187557

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