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From Historical Silk Fabrics to Their Interactive Virtual Representation and 3D Printing

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Institute of Robotics and Information and Communication Technologies (IRTIC), Universitat de València, 46980 Paterna, Spain
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MonkeyFab, 04-896 Warsaw, Poland
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Garín 1820 S.A., 46113 Valencia, Spain
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Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
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EURECOM, Campus SophiaTech, 06904 Antipolis, France
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Department of Culture e Società, Università degli Studi di Palermo, 90133 Palermo, Italy
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Department of Art History, Universitat de València, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7539; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187539
Received: 19 August 2020 / Revised: 8 September 2020 / Accepted: 9 September 2020 / Published: 12 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Silk Heritage in the Knowledge Society)
The documentation, dissemination, and enhancement of Cultural Heritage is of great relevance. To that end, technological tools and interactive solutions (e.g., 3D models) have become increasingly popular. Historical silk fabrics are nearly flat objects, very fragile and with complex internal geometries, related to different weaving techniques and types of yarns. These characteristics make it difficult to properly document them, at the yarn level, with current technologies. In this paper, we bring a new methodology to virtually represent such heritage and produce 3D printouts, also making it highly interactive through the tool Virtual Loom. Our work involves sustainability from different perspectives: (1) The traditional production of silk fabrics respects the environment; (2) Virtual Loom allows the studying of silk heritage while avoiding their degradation; (3) Virtual Loom allows creative industries to save money and materials; (4) current research on bioplastics for 3D printing contributes to environmental sustainability; (5) edutainment and gaming can also benefit from Virtual Loom, avoiding the need to acquire the original objects and enhancing creativity. The presented work has been carried out within the scope of the SILKNOW project to show some results and discuss the sustainability issues, from the production of traditional silk fabrics, to their dissemination by means of Virtual Loom and 3D printed shapes. View Full-Text
Keywords: silk fabrics; weaving techniques; virtual modelling; 3D printing; cultural heritage silk fabrics; weaving techniques; virtual modelling; 3D printing; cultural heritage
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Pérez, M.; Casanova-Salas, P.; Twardo, P.; Twardo, P.; León, A.; Mladenic, D.; Massri, B.M.; Troncy, R.; Ehrhart, T.; Cicero, G.L.; Vitella, M.; Gaitán, M.; Gimeno, J.; Ribes, E.; Fernández, M.; Portalés, C. From Historical Silk Fabrics to Their Interactive Virtual Representation and 3D Printing. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7539.

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