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Article

Pricing and Subsidy Models for Transshipment Sustainability in the Three Gorges Dam Region of China

by 1,2, 3,* and 1,4,*
1
School of Logistics Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430063, China
2
School of Management, Guilin University of Aerospace Technology, Guilin 541004, China
3
School of Economics and Management, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
4
Engineering Research Center of Port Logistics Technology and Equipment of Ministry of Education, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430063, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(17), 7026; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12177026
Received: 15 July 2020 / Revised: 21 August 2020 / Accepted: 25 August 2020 / Published: 28 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
Congestion before the Three Gorges Dam has been an obstacle to the sustainable development of the Yangtze River. Water–land transshipment can be a better way to alleviate congestion. Consequently, the government started to offer subsidies to evacuate ships’ traffic flow through transshipment despite that it increases environmental pollution. In this paper, we analyze the effects of subsidies on carriers’ adoption behavioral strategies, congestion and transshipment on the environment, and subsidies on pricing considering environmental emissions. Two different models are constructed, and a simulation analysis is carried out with different scenarios by varying the values of different parameters. The results show that subsidies can affect carriers’ behavioral strategies. Both lockage and transshipment modes can increase environmental emissions. Pricing under the subsidy scenario can be more competitive with profit maximization. The results offer important implications to policymakers, carriers, shippers. View Full-Text
Keywords: Three Gorges Dam; transshipment; pricing; subsidy; emission; sustainability; inland waterway; Yangtze river Three Gorges Dam; transshipment; pricing; subsidy; emission; sustainability; inland waterway; Yangtze river
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, L.; Li, E.Y.; Zhang, Y. Pricing and Subsidy Models for Transshipment Sustainability in the Three Gorges Dam Region of China. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7026. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12177026

AMA Style

Yang L, Li EY, Zhang Y. Pricing and Subsidy Models for Transshipment Sustainability in the Three Gorges Dam Region of China. Sustainability. 2020; 12(17):7026. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12177026

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Lijuan, Eldon Y. Li, and Yu Zhang. 2020. "Pricing and Subsidy Models for Transshipment Sustainability in the Three Gorges Dam Region of China" Sustainability 12, no. 17: 7026. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12177026

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