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Regional Patterns and Hierarchical Tendencies: Analysis of the Network Connectivity of 63 Service-Oriented Tourist Cities in China

School of Geography and Planning, Geography and Environment Building, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
Sustainability 2020, 12(16), 6532; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166532
Received: 15 July 2020 / Revised: 11 August 2020 / Accepted: 12 August 2020 / Published: 12 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
Previous studies of service-oriented tourist city networks have often focused on the analysis of the geographical distributions and service roles of important cities instead of the connections and hierarchical tendencies between different types of cities within a whole region. The current study uses big data approaches for the regional connections of 38 tourism organizations, including famous hotels, air passenger transport services, and tourism service agencies, across 63 of the most important tourist cities in China. Fuzzy c-means clustering analysis is used to define eight city arena clusters. According to the distributions of connectivity between the 63 cities, these eight clusters play different functional service roles in the urban tourism network in four hierarchies. With their “center–edge” memberships, these arena clusters are formed by the interweaved process of regional and hierarchical tourism service connections. The results here include analysis of the various service-oriented tourist cities in China and point out the geographical “gap” faced by networks. Service-oriented tourist cities need to find their hierarchies and positioning in the network, scientifically speaking, to avoid blind development and to support sustainable regional tourism development in urban areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: tourism geography; city connectivity; tourism service value; functional role; urban hierarchy; regional pattern tourism geography; city connectivity; tourism service value; functional role; urban hierarchy; regional pattern
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, H. Regional Patterns and Hierarchical Tendencies: Analysis of the Network Connectivity of 63 Service-Oriented Tourist Cities in China. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6532. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166532

AMA Style

Tang H. Regional Patterns and Hierarchical Tendencies: Analysis of the Network Connectivity of 63 Service-Oriented Tourist Cities in China. Sustainability. 2020; 12(16):6532. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166532

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tang, Hongjiu. 2020. "Regional Patterns and Hierarchical Tendencies: Analysis of the Network Connectivity of 63 Service-Oriented Tourist Cities in China" Sustainability 12, no. 16: 6532. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166532

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