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Article

Performance Assessment of a Hybrid System with Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cell for Cogeneration in Buildings

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LERMA Lab, College of Engineering and Architecture, International University of Rabat, Sala El Jadida 11100, Morocco
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CUR″EnR&SIE″, Faculty of Sciences El Jadida–Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida 24000, Morocco
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Faculty of Sciences, Mohammed V University, Rabat 10000, Morocco
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(12), 4832; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12124832
Received: 17 April 2020 / Revised: 25 May 2020 / Accepted: 27 May 2020 / Published: 12 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Circular Economy as a Promoter of Sustainability)
The search for new fuels to supersede fossil fuels has been intensified these recent decades. Among these fuels, hydrogen has attracted much interest due to its advantages, mainly cleanliness and availability. It can be produced from various raw materials (e.g., water, biomass) using many resources, mainly water electrolysis and natural gas reforming. However, water electrolysis combined with renewable energy sources is the cleanest way to produce hydrogen while reducing greenhouse gases. Besides, hydrogen can be used by fuel cells for producing both electrical and thermal energy. The aim of this work was towards efficient integration of this system into energy efficient buildings. The system is comprised of a photovoltaic system, hydrogen electrolyzer, and proton exchange membrane fuel cell operating as a cogeneration system to provide the building with both electricity and thermal energy. The system’s modeling, simulations, and experimentations were first conducted over a short-run period to assess the system’s performance. Reported results show the models’ accuracy in analyzing the system’s performance. We then used the developed models for long-run testing of the hybrid system. Accordingly, the system’s electrical efficiency was almost 32%. Its overall efficiency reached 64.5% when taking into account both produced electricity and thermal energy. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy efficient buildings; photovoltaic systems; hydrogen electrolyzer; fuel cell; cogeneration system; modeling; performance assessment energy efficient buildings; photovoltaic systems; hydrogen electrolyzer; fuel cell; cogeneration system; modeling; performance assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Boulmrharj, S.; Khaidar, M.; Bakhouya, M.; Ouladsine, R.; Siniti, M.; Zine-dine, K. Performance Assessment of a Hybrid System with Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cell for Cogeneration in Buildings. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4832. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12124832

AMA Style

Boulmrharj S, Khaidar M, Bakhouya M, Ouladsine R, Siniti M, Zine-dine K. Performance Assessment of a Hybrid System with Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cell for Cogeneration in Buildings. Sustainability. 2020; 12(12):4832. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12124832

Chicago/Turabian Style

Boulmrharj, Sofia, Mohammed Khaidar, Mohamed Bakhouya, Radouane Ouladsine, Mostapha Siniti, and Khalid Zine-dine. 2020. "Performance Assessment of a Hybrid System with Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cell for Cogeneration in Buildings" Sustainability 12, no. 12: 4832. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12124832

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