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Article

Sustainable vs. Unsustainable Food Consumption Behaviour: A Study among Students from Romania, Bulgaria and Moldova

1
Department of Animal Production and Food Safety, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Cluj Napoca, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2
Department of Sociology and Social Work, University of Bucharest, 061119 Bucharest, Romania
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4699; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114699
Received: 12 May 2020 / Revised: 2 June 2020 / Accepted: 3 June 2020 / Published: 9 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Consumption: Consumer Attitudes and Behaviors)
The importance of studying the aspects related to the sustainable food consumption behaviour of students lies in the fact that, at this age, they begin to develop certain consumption patterns that will have long-term effects. The study aimed to identify the type of eating behaviour—sustainable vs. unsustainable—and the socio-demographic factors that influence it, among students in Romania, Bulgaria, and Moldova. The research method was a survey based on a questionnaire administered to a sample of 2378 subjects in the 2017–2018 period. The ANOVA test and simple linear regression were used to identify the correlation between the various variables analysed. The results indicate both positive aspects, which characterise a sustainable diet—high consumption of fruits and vegetables, and negative—the adoption of a mixed diet, which will have a long-term impact on the environment. Age is a good predictor of unhealthy eating habits among students, as this behaviour leads to weight gain. Gender, number of household members, rural/urban and country residence are also influencing factors for food consumption behaviour. Eating while standing and having the last meal of the day after 23:00 are practices that also have negative consequences for health. Conducting campaigns to educate students on the adoption of sustainable food consumption is necessary for all three countries to empower them to choose a healthy lifestyle. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable consumption patterns; food behaviour; eating habits; influencing factors; nutrition education; lifestyle sustainable consumption patterns; food behaviour; eating habits; influencing factors; nutrition education; lifestyle
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pocol, C.B.; Marinescu, V.; Amuza, A.; Cadar, R.-L.; Rodideal, A.A. Sustainable vs. Unsustainable Food Consumption Behaviour: A Study among Students from Romania, Bulgaria and Moldova. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4699. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114699

AMA Style

Pocol CB, Marinescu V, Amuza A, Cadar R-L, Rodideal AA. Sustainable vs. Unsustainable Food Consumption Behaviour: A Study among Students from Romania, Bulgaria and Moldova. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4699. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114699

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pocol, Cristina B., Valentina Marinescu, Antonio Amuza, Roxana-Larisa Cadar, and Anda A. Rodideal 2020. "Sustainable vs. Unsustainable Food Consumption Behaviour: A Study among Students from Romania, Bulgaria and Moldova" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4699. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114699

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