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The Mediating Effect of Organizational Citizenship Behavior in the Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Corporate Social Responsibility Practices: Middle Eastern Example/Jordan

Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Cyprus International University, Nicosia 99258, Cyprus
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Sustainability 2020, 12(10), 4248; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104248
Received: 12 April 2020 / Revised: 10 May 2020 / Accepted: 20 May 2020 / Published: 22 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
The main objective of this study was to investigate the mediating effect of organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) in the relationship between transformational leadership (TLS) and corporate social responsibility practices (CSR). Another objective was to present adequate properties regarding the reliability of the scores, and evidence of the validity of the internal structure of the measurement instrument. Structure equation modeling (SEM) was used to analyze the data, which was randomly collected from 392 participants from the universities of Jordan. The overall assessment of the model was accepted and TLS was found to indirectly and significantly impact CSR practices through OCB, where the direct effect was significant, though lower than the indirect impact. This means that TLS is a good predictor of CSR practices, especially with the mediation of OCB. One of the implications of this finding is that leaders should promote OCB among their employees, as this will be reflected in their CSR practices, which is one of the requirements of sustainability. The originality of this research lies in it being the first to explore the indirect effect of TLS on CSR practices through OCB. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; transformational leadership style (TLS); corporate social responsibility (CSR); organizational citizenship behavior (OCB); Jordan universities sustainability; transformational leadership style (TLS); corporate social responsibility (CSR); organizational citizenship behavior (OCB); Jordan universities
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Alshihabat, K.; Atan, T. The Mediating Effect of Organizational Citizenship Behavior in the Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Corporate Social Responsibility Practices: Middle Eastern Example/Jordan. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4248.

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