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Open AccessArticle

Need Safer Taxi Drivers? Use Psychological Characteristics to Find or Train!

1
School of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran 15119-43943, Iran
2
Civil and Infrastructure Engineering Discipline, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne 3000, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(10), 4206; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104206
Received: 23 April 2020 / Revised: 12 May 2020 / Accepted: 15 May 2020 / Published: 20 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Traffic Psychology and Sustainability Transportation)
Professional drivers play a key role in urban road network safety. It is therefore important to employ safer drivers, also find the problem, and train the existing ones. However, a direct driving test may not be very useful solely because of drivers’ consciousness. This study introduces a latent predictor to expect driving behaviors, by finding the relation between taxi drivers’ psychological characteristics and their driving behaviors. A self-report questionnaire was collected from 245 taxi drivers by which their demographic characteristics, psychological characteristics, and driving behaviors were obtained. The psychological characteristics include instrumental attitude, subjective norm, sensation seeking, aggressive mode, conscientiousness, life satisfaction, premeditation, urgency, and selfishness. Driving behaviors questionnaire (DBQ) provides information regarding drivers’ violations, aggressive violations, errors, and lapses. The standard linear regression model is used to determine the relationship between driving behavior and psychological characteristics of drivers. The findings show that social anxiety and selfishness are the best predictors of the violations; aggressive mode is a significant predictor of the aggressive violations; urgency has a perfect impact on the errors; and finally, life satisfaction, sensation seeking, conscientiousness, age, and urgency are the best predictors of the lapses. View Full-Text
Keywords: taxi drivers; driving behavior; driving behavior questionnaire (DBQ); psychological characteristics taxi drivers; driving behavior; driving behavior questionnaire (DBQ); psychological characteristics
MDPI and ACS Style

Aghabayk, K.; Mashhadizade, L.; Moridpour, S. Need Safer Taxi Drivers? Use Psychological Characteristics to Find or Train! Sustainability 2020, 12, 4206.

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