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Article

The Trends of the Energy Intensity and CO2 Emissions Related to Final Energy Consumption in Ecuador: Scenarios of National and Worldwide Strategies

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Systems Engineering and Automatic Control, School of Industrial Engineering, Paseo del Cauce s/n, University of Valladolid, 47011 Valladolid, Spain
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Faculty of Engineering, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Av. Universitaria, Central University of Ecuador, Quito 170129, Ecuador
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(1), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010020
Received: 29 November 2019 / Revised: 8 December 2019 / Accepted: 8 December 2019 / Published: 18 December 2019
Climate change and global warming are related to the demand for energy, energy efficiency, and CO2 emissions. In this research, in order to project the trends in final energy demand, energy intensity, and CO2 emission production in Ecuador during a period between 2000 and 2030, a model has been developed based on the dynamics of the systems supported by Vensim simulation models. The energy matrix of Ecuador has changed in recent years, giving more importance to hydropower. It is conclusive that, if industrialized country policies or trends on the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency were applied, the production of CO2 emissions by 2030 in Ecuador would reach 42,191.4 KTCO2, a value well below the 75,182.6 KTCO2 that would be seen if the current conditions are maintained. In the same way, by 2030, energy intensity would be reduced to 54% compared to the beginning of the simulation period. View Full-Text
Keywords: Business as usual (BAU); global warming; energy intensity; energy efficiency; CO2 emissions; energy policies Business as usual (BAU); global warming; energy intensity; energy efficiency; CO2 emissions; energy policies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arroyo M., F.R.; Miguel, L.J. The Trends of the Energy Intensity and CO2 Emissions Related to Final Energy Consumption in Ecuador: Scenarios of National and Worldwide Strategies. Sustainability 2020, 12, 20. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010020

AMA Style

Arroyo M. FR, Miguel LJ. The Trends of the Energy Intensity and CO2 Emissions Related to Final Energy Consumption in Ecuador: Scenarios of National and Worldwide Strategies. Sustainability. 2020; 12(1):20. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010020

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arroyo M., Flavio R., and Luis J. Miguel. 2020. "The Trends of the Energy Intensity and CO2 Emissions Related to Final Energy Consumption in Ecuador: Scenarios of National and Worldwide Strategies" Sustainability 12, no. 1: 20. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010020

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