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Stakeholder Collaboration on Policymaking for Sustainable Water Management in Singapore’s Hotel Sector: A Network Analysis

1
Department of Tourism, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
2
Department of Tourism and Hotel Management, School of Management, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
3
Department of Geography, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(8), 2360; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11082360
Received: 1 March 2019 / Revised: 8 April 2019 / Accepted: 15 April 2019 / Published: 19 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Interdisciplinarity: Human-Nature Relations)
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Abstract

Stakeholder collaboration has become a critical issue in sustainable tourism policy due to the increasing complexity and interdisciplinary nature of the domain. Policymaking should reflect tourism values through a dynamic system in which stakeholders come to a consensus on sustainability issues via ongoing interactive engagement. Taking Singapore’s hotel sector as a case, this study explores how stakeholder relationships contribute to participatory policymaking on sustainable water management. Based on a survey of 33 relevant organisations, this research applies network analysis to investigate stakeholder collaboration within this policy domain. While the policymaking process is derived from a complex web of actors and their formal and informal interactions, the national water agency of Singapore and some private businesses were found to be centrally located in the policy network. The aforementioned government body is also perceived to hold the greatest legitimacy, power, and urgency over others in the policy domain. Central stakeholders were found to play an important “bridging” role in terms of the interconnectedness of policy actors across boundaries of the public, private, and third sectors. These prominent political and industry players were also likely to exert control over the policymaking process and access to important resources based on their favourable network positions. View Full-Text
Keywords: policy making; stakeholder collaboration; sustainable tourism and hospitality; sustainable water management; network analysis policy making; stakeholder collaboration; sustainable tourism and hospitality; sustainable water management; network analysis
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Hu, X.; Lovelock, B.; Ying, T.; Mager, S. Stakeholder Collaboration on Policymaking for Sustainable Water Management in Singapore’s Hotel Sector: A Network Analysis. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2360.

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