Next Article in Journal
Stakeholder Perspectives Towards National Parks and Protected Areas in Saudi Arabia
Previous Article in Journal
The Impact of Industry–University–Research Alliance Portfolio Diversity on Firm Innovation: Evidence from Chinese Manufacturing Firms
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2019, 11(8), 2322; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11082322

The Economic-Environmental Impacts of China’s Action Plan for Soil Pollution Control

1
Soil Environmental Protection Center, Chinese Academy for Environmental Planning, Beijing 100012, China
2
School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
3
International Center for Environmental Technology, International Cooperation and Exchange Center, Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Beijing 100035, China
4
State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Environmental Planning and Policy Simulation, Chinese Academy for Environmental Planning, Beijing 100012, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 March 2019 / Revised: 12 April 2019 / Accepted: 12 April 2019 / Published: 17 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
PDF [507 KB, uploaded 17 April 2019]

Abstract

To effectively control soil pollution, an action plan (called Soil Plan) was carried out by Chinese government in 2016, which may cost CNY 1.14 trillion during the 2016–2020 period. To evaluate the potential impacts of this action plan on the national economy and environmental control, this study employed a closed macro input-output model to quantitatively account for the economic and environmental impacts from the view of the whole domestic supply chain. Our results show that the implementation of the Soil Plan may stimulate economic development and bring more jobs. It will help generate a gross domestic product (GDP) of CNY 2.72 trillion, with CNY 358.11 billion (15%) made from direct contributions, and CNY 2.36 trillion (85%) from indirect contributions. Meanwhile, the scheme could also produce 2 million jobs within five years, of which 580,000 (29%) are a direct contribution, and 1.42 million (71%) are an indirect contribution. On the other hands, increased demands for products and services of various sectors (such as power/heat production and supply, and chemical products) would also cause more air and water pollutants along with domestic supply chains. The emissions of sulfur dioxide(SO2), nitrogen oxide(NOx), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ammonia nitrogen(NH3-N) would increase by a total of 5.20 × 105 t, 5.27 × 105 t, 1.62 × 105 t and 9.36 × 103 t, respectively. Our results may raise the concern about the indirect impacts of an environmental policy for the policy maker from both economic and environmental perspectives.
Keywords: Soil Plan; input-output model; economic impact; environmental impact Soil Plan; input-output model; economic impact; environmental impact
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Z.; Wang, X.; Li, J.; Zhang, W.; Liu, R.; Song, Z.; Huang, G.; Meng, L. The Economic-Environmental Impacts of China’s Action Plan for Soil Pollution Control. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2322.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top