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Sustainability 2019, 11(8), 2322;

The Economic-Environmental Impacts of China’s Action Plan for Soil Pollution Control

Soil Environmental Protection Center, Chinese Academy for Environmental Planning, Beijing 100012, China
School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
International Center for Environmental Technology, International Cooperation and Exchange Center, Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Beijing 100035, China
State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Environmental Planning and Policy Simulation, Chinese Academy for Environmental Planning, Beijing 100012, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 March 2019 / Revised: 12 April 2019 / Accepted: 12 April 2019 / Published: 17 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
PDF [507 KB, uploaded 17 April 2019]


To effectively control soil pollution, an action plan (called Soil Plan) was carried out by Chinese government in 2016, which may cost CNY 1.14 trillion during the 2016–2020 period. To evaluate the potential impacts of this action plan on the national economy and environmental control, this study employed a closed macro input-output model to quantitatively account for the economic and environmental impacts from the view of the whole domestic supply chain. Our results show that the implementation of the Soil Plan may stimulate economic development and bring more jobs. It will help generate a gross domestic product (GDP) of CNY 2.72 trillion, with CNY 358.11 billion (15%) made from direct contributions, and CNY 2.36 trillion (85%) from indirect contributions. Meanwhile, the scheme could also produce 2 million jobs within five years, of which 580,000 (29%) are a direct contribution, and 1.42 million (71%) are an indirect contribution. On the other hands, increased demands for products and services of various sectors (such as power/heat production and supply, and chemical products) would also cause more air and water pollutants along with domestic supply chains. The emissions of sulfur dioxide(SO2), nitrogen oxide(NOx), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ammonia nitrogen(NH3-N) would increase by a total of 5.20 × 105 t, 5.27 × 105 t, 1.62 × 105 t and 9.36 × 103 t, respectively. Our results may raise the concern about the indirect impacts of an environmental policy for the policy maker from both economic and environmental perspectives.
Keywords: Soil Plan; input-output model; economic impact; environmental impact Soil Plan; input-output model; economic impact; environmental impact
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, Z.; Wang, X.; Li, J.; Zhang, W.; Liu, R.; Song, Z.; Huang, G.; Meng, L. The Economic-Environmental Impacts of China’s Action Plan for Soil Pollution Control. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2322.

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