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Sustainability 2019, 11(8), 2316; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11082316

Considerations on the Environmental and Social Sustainability of Animal-based Policies

Department of Science of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Foggia, via Napoli 25, 71121 Foggia, Italy
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Received: 14 March 2019 / Revised: 8 April 2019 / Accepted: 12 April 2019 / Published: 17 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
PDF [355 KB, uploaded 17 April 2019]

Abstract

The contribution of the livestock sector to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as well as the worsening of animal welfare, with the intensification of production methods, have become increasingly relevant. Our contribution investigates the environmental impacts, in terms of methane and nitrous oxide emissions, of animal-based policies supported by the European Union. We examine factors affecting the adoption and the magnitude of related budget of Measure 215—animal welfare—of Rural Development Programmes 2007–2013. Our focus is cattle farming in Italy. The results highlight that the problem of animal welfare is highly perceived in regions with greater livestock intensity, also where GHG emissions are relevant. Given the adoption of measure 215, more budget tends to be allocated in regions where livestock units are particularly high. In addition, from the analysis emerges the bargaining position of regions with a higher propensity to the agricultural sector.
Keywords: animal welfare; GHG emission; EU policy; livestock; rural development; sustainability animal welfare; GHG emission; EU policy; livestock; rural development; sustainability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Santeramo, F.G.; Lamonaca, E.; Tappi, M.; Di Gioia, L. Considerations on the Environmental and Social Sustainability of Animal-based Policies. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2316.

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