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Sustainability 2019, 11(8), 2309;

How to Make a Sustainable Manufacturing Process: A High-Commitment HRM System

Korea University Business School, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
Dongwu Business School, Soochow University, Suzhou 21500, China
Department of Business Administration, Kyonggi University, Gwanggyosan-ro, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon 16227, Korea
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 March 2019 / Revised: 8 April 2019 / Accepted: 9 April 2019 / Published: 17 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Human Resource Management)
PDF [1630 KB, uploaded 17 April 2019]


The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between high-commitment human resource management (HCHRM) practices and process improvement activities (i.e., manufacturing flexibility) by utilizing the theory of social exchange. We conducted an empirical study to discover the links between social exchange theory and process management from an HRM perspective. For the empirical investigation, we used data from 601 manufacturing enterprises provided by the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy in South Korea. The research is conducted based on employees’ capabilities for process management as a mediator in the analysis of the impact of the HCHRM system on manufacturing flexibility (i.e., internally-driven and externally-driven flexibility). The results of the study show that the HCHRM system ultimately explains manufacturing flexibility through enhancement of employees’ capabilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: manufacturing flexibility; high-commitment HRM system; social exchange theory manufacturing flexibility; high-commitment HRM system; social exchange theory

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Park, J.; Jung, D.; Lee, P. How to Make a Sustainable Manufacturing Process: A High-Commitment HRM System. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2309.

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