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Sustainability 2019, 11(8), 2225;

Eco-Innovation Influencers: Unveiling the Role of Lean Management Principles Adoption

Department of Management and Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Beira Interior, Estrada do Sineiro, 6200-209 Covilhã, Portugal
Research Center in Business Sciences (NECE), University of Beira Interior, Rua Marquês d´Ávila e Bolama, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
Department of Business Administration, University of Verona, I-37129 Verona, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 February 2019 / Revised: 30 March 2019 / Accepted: 9 April 2019 / Published: 12 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
PDF [485 KB, uploaded 12 April 2019]


This study analyzes the determinant factors of eco-innovation, considering business units with different levels of technological intensity (high technology versus low technology). It aims, in the first instance, to complement the approach on the determinants of eco-innovation in the existent literature by incorporating the novelty related to the analysis of the effects arising from the adoption of the lean management principles. Specifically, it aims to analyze the effects of the previously referred to determinant factors both on the economic performance and on the innovative performance of Portuguese industrial and service companies with different levels of technological intensity (high-tech versus low-tech). The conceptual model presented is of an innovative nature, since it includes four groups of determinant factors present in the literature, namely technology, market, public policies, and cooperation relationships, and adds a fifth group of determinant factors still to be explored empirically concerning the adoption of lean management principles. In the empirical approach, five research hypotheses arising from the literature review are tested, using secondary data collected from the Community Innovation Survey (CIS)—CIS 2010 for a total sample of 334 companies, made up of 95 high-tech companies and 239 low-tech companies. The conceptual model is tested using a logistic regression method, which indicated a suitable accuracy and reliability for the purposes of empirical tests. The empirical evidence confirms that most of the groups of determinants previously identified in the literature have a significant influence on eco-innovation. In addition, the empirical evidence obtained here indicates a positive and significant effect of lean management principles on eco-innovation.
Keywords: eco-innovation; community innovation survey; sustainable business models; lean management principles eco-innovation; community innovation survey; sustainable business models; lean management principles
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Leitão, J.; Brito, S.; Cubico, S. Eco-Innovation Influencers: Unveiling the Role of Lean Management Principles Adoption. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2225.

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