Next Article in Journal
Mapping Methodology of Public Urban Green Spaces Using GIS: An Example of Nagpur City, India
Previous Article in Journal
Reply to Flessa, K.W. et al., Comment on Manjarrez-Bringas, N. et al., Lessons for Sustainable Development: Marine mammal Conservation Policies and Its Social and Economic Effects. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2185—Holistic Socio-Ecological Approach to Promote Integral Public Policies to Preserve an Endangered Species: The Vaquita Marina
Article Menu
Issue 7 (April-1) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2019, 11(7), 2164; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11072164

Defying the Footprint Oracle: Implications of Country Resource Trends

1
Global Footprint Network, 426 17th Street, Suite 700, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
2
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Blvd, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 February 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 4 April 2019 / Published: 11 April 2019
  |  
PDF [1650 KB, uploaded 11 April 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Mainstream competitiveness and international development analyses pay little attention to the significance of a country’s resource security for its economic performance. This paper challenges this neglect, examining the economic implications of countries resource dynamics, particularly for low-income countries. It explores typologies of resource patterns in the context of those countries’ economic prospects. To begin, the paper explains why it uses Ecological Footprint and biocapacity accounting for its analysis. Data used for the analysis stem from Global Footprint Network’s 2018 edition of its National Footprint and Biocapacity Accounts. Ranging from 1961 to 2014, these accounts are computed from UN data sets. The accounts track, year by year, how much biologically productive space is occupied by people’s consumption and compare this with how much productive space is available. Both demand and availability are expressed in productivity-adjusted hectares, called global hectares. Using this biophysical accounting perspective, the paper predicts countries’ future socio-economic performance. This analysis is then contrasted with a financial assessment of those countries. The juxtaposition reveals a paradox: Financial assessments seem to contradict assessments based on biophysical trends. The paper offers a way to reconcile this paradox, which also elevates the significance of biophysical country assessments for shaping successful economic policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: biocapacity; resource accounting; economic development; resource security; national performance; ecological footprint biocapacity; resource accounting; economic development; resource security; national performance; ecological footprint
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wackernagel, M.; Lin, D.; Evans, M.; Hanscom, L.; Raven, P. Defying the Footprint Oracle: Implications of Country Resource Trends. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2164.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top