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Reply to Flessa, K.W. et al., Comment on Manjarrez-Bringas, N. et al., Lessons for Sustainable Development: Marine mammal Conservation Policies and Its Social and Economic Effects. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2185—Holistic Socio-Ecological Approach to Promote Integral Public Policies to Preserve an Endangered Species: The Vaquita Marina
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Reply published on 11 April 2019, see Sustainability 2019, 11(7), 2163.
Comment

Vaquita Face Extinction from Bycatch. Comment on Manjarrez-Bringas, N. et al., Lessons for Sustainable Development: Marine Mammal Conservation Policies and Its Social and Economic Effects. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2185

1
Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
2
Departamento de Ecología Marina, Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada, Ensenada, Baja California 22860, Mexico
3
School of Earth, Environmental, and Marine Sciences, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Brownsville, TX 78520, USA
4
Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York, NY 14850, USA
5
Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, NY 14853, USA
6
Department of Geosciences, Denison University, Granville, OH 43023, USA
7
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
8
Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
9
6101 NW 102nd Ave Apt 5, Vancouver, WA 98662, USA
10
Environmental Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
11
Institute für Geowissenschaften, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, D-55128 Mainz, Germany
12
Sonoran Institute, 100 N. Stone Ave., Suite 400, Tucson, AZ 85701, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(7), 2161; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11072161
Received: 20 March 2019 / Accepted: 4 April 2019 / Published: 11 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Actions and Sustainable Futures)
We are among the scientists who have documented the environmental and ecological changes to the Upper Gulf of California following the reduction in the Colorado River’s flow. We object to any suggestion that our research supports Manjarrez-Bringas et al.’s conclusion that the decline in the Colorado River’s flow is the reason for the decline in the population of the endangered vaquita porpoise (Phocoena sinus). Manjarrez-Bringas et al.’s conclusions are incongruent with their own data, their logic is untenable, their analyses fail to consider current illegal fishing practices, and their recommendations are unjustified and misdirected. Vaquita face extinction because of bycatch, not because of the lack of river flow. View Full-Text
Keywords: Gulf of California; marine mammal; vaquita; Phocoena sinus; bycatch; fisheries policy Gulf of California; marine mammal; vaquita; Phocoena sinus; bycatch; fisheries policy
MDPI and ACS Style

Flessa, K.W.; Calderon-Aguilera, L.; Cintra-Buenrostro, C.E.; Dettman, D.L.; Dietl, G.P.; Goodwin, D.H.; Jacobs, D.K.; Kowalewski, M.; Nelson, S.M.; Rowell, K.; Schöne, B.R.; Smith, J.A.; Zamora-Arroyo, F. Vaquita Face Extinction from Bycatch. Comment on Manjarrez-Bringas, N. et al., Lessons for Sustainable Development: Marine Mammal Conservation Policies and Its Social and Economic Effects. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2185. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2161. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11072161

AMA Style

Flessa KW, Calderon-Aguilera L, Cintra-Buenrostro CE, Dettman DL, Dietl GP, Goodwin DH, Jacobs DK, Kowalewski M, Nelson SM, Rowell K, Schöne BR, Smith JA, Zamora-Arroyo F. Vaquita Face Extinction from Bycatch. Comment on Manjarrez-Bringas, N. et al., Lessons for Sustainable Development: Marine Mammal Conservation Policies and Its Social and Economic Effects. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2185. Sustainability. 2019; 11(7):2161. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11072161

Chicago/Turabian Style

Flessa, Karl W., Luis Calderon-Aguilera, Carlos E. Cintra-Buenrostro, David L. Dettman, Gregory P. Dietl, David H. Goodwin, David K. Jacobs, Michal Kowalewski, Steven M. Nelson, Kirsten Rowell, Bernd R. Schöne, Jansen A. Smith, and Francisco Zamora-Arroyo. 2019. "Vaquita Face Extinction from Bycatch. Comment on Manjarrez-Bringas, N. et al., Lessons for Sustainable Development: Marine Mammal Conservation Policies and Its Social and Economic Effects. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2185" Sustainability 11, no. 7: 2161. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11072161

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