Next Article in Journal
Field Test and Analysis of Energy-Saving Effects of Energy-Recovery Ventilators on Heat-Pump Electricity Consumption in a Classroom
Next Article in Special Issue
Spatial Big Data Analysis of Political Risks along the Belt and Road
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of Non-Agricultural Employment and Environmental Awareness on Farmers’ Willingness to Govern the Heavy Metal Pollution of Farmland: A Case Study of China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Investment Strategy of Chinese Terminal Operators along the “21st-Century Maritime Silk Road”
Open AccessArticle

Belt and Road Initiative and Railway Sector Efficiency—Application of Networked Benchmarking Analysis

1
School of Economics & Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
2
LUT Kouvola, LUT University, Kouvola 45100, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(7), 2070; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11072070
Received: 3 March 2019 / Revised: 31 March 2019 / Accepted: 2 April 2019 / Published: 8 April 2019
In recent years, there has been a lot of attention paid to China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), which aims to invest in better connecting China, South-East Asia, Central Asia, the Middle East and Europe. As countries that share the same continent, and are in many cases without proper sea connection (landlocked), the key mode of long-distance transportation is railways. However, numerous countries have different levels of past investments, labor productivity, transportation profile, and culture surrounding railways, and all of this leads to differences in overall efficiency. In this research, we apply well established and widely used data envelopment analysis (DEA) to evaluate the longitudinal efficiency of railway operations. This is the first time such an analysis is completed on the Belt and Road member countries. Efficiency itself hardly improved at all during the examination period, whether in passenger and freight or just freight transports. China itself represents an important benchmark for many countries, as its efficiency is all the time highest possible. In the network benchmarking analysis, it was shown that China, Estonia, Latvia, and Israel are often proposed benchmarks for the others to increase their efficiency in the future. From efficiency development perspective, Chinese railway sector is beneficial and more balanced to be benchmarked as compared to other significantly sized railway countries, like India or Russia. View Full-Text
Keywords: belt and road; railways; efficiency; networks; benchmarking belt and road; railways; efficiency; networks; benchmarking
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, W.; Hilmola, O.-P. Belt and Road Initiative and Railway Sector Efficiency—Application of Networked Benchmarking Analysis. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2070. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11072070

AMA Style

Li W, Hilmola O-P. Belt and Road Initiative and Railway Sector Efficiency—Application of Networked Benchmarking Analysis. Sustainability. 2019; 11(7):2070. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11072070

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Weidong; Hilmola, Olli-Pekka. 2019. "Belt and Road Initiative and Railway Sector Efficiency—Application of Networked Benchmarking Analysis" Sustainability 11, no. 7: 2070. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11072070

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop