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Article

Sustainable Reuse of Military Facilities with a Carbon Inventory: Kinmen, Taiwan

Department of Architecture, National Quemoy University, Kinmen 892, Taiwan
Sustainability 2019, 11(6), 1810; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061810
Received: 16 February 2019 / Revised: 22 March 2019 / Accepted: 22 March 2019 / Published: 26 March 2019
Military government was lifted from Kinmen in 1992. The opening-up of cross-strait relations transformed the island into a tourist destination. This transformation led to electricity and water shortages in Kinmen. With the reduction in the number of troops, military facilities fell into disuse and are now being released for local government use. The aim of this project was to monitor the carbon footprint of a reused military facility during renovation of the facility. The LCBA-Neuma system, a local carbon survey software developed by the Low Carbon Building Alliance (LCBA) and National Cheng Kung University in Taiwan, was used in this project. The system analyzes the carbon footprint of the various phases of the building life cycle (LC) during renovation and carbon compensation strategies were employed to achieve the low carbon target. This project has pioneered the transformation of a disused military facility using this approach. The carbon footprint of energy uses during post-construction operation (CFeu) accounted for the majority of carbon emissions among all stages, at 1,088,632.19 kgCO2e/60y, while the carbon footprint of the new building materials (CFm) was the second highest, at 214,983.66 kgCO2e/60y. Installation of a solar cell system of 25.2 kWp on the rooftop as a carbon offset measure compensated for an estimated 66.1% of the total life-cycle carbon emissions. The findings of this study show that the process of reusing old military facilities can achieve the ultimate goal of zero carbon construction and sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: unused military facilities; low carbon demonstration island; carbon inventory; LCBA (Low Carbon Building Alliance); new building materials unused military facilities; low carbon demonstration island; carbon inventory; LCBA (Low Carbon Building Alliance); new building materials
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, H.-Y. Sustainable Reuse of Military Facilities with a Carbon Inventory: Kinmen, Taiwan. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1810. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061810

AMA Style

Liu H-Y. Sustainable Reuse of Military Facilities with a Carbon Inventory: Kinmen, Taiwan. Sustainability. 2019; 11(6):1810. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061810

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Hua-Yueh. 2019. "Sustainable Reuse of Military Facilities with a Carbon Inventory: Kinmen, Taiwan" Sustainability 11, no. 6: 1810. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061810

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