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School-Aged Pedestrian–Vehicle Crash Vulnerability

Faculty of Geography, Babeş-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
World and Regional Economics Department, University of Miskolc, 3515 Miskolc-Egyetemvaros, Hungary
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(4), 1214;
Received: 29 January 2019 / Revised: 19 February 2019 / Accepted: 21 February 2019 / Published: 25 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
The analysis of pedestrian–vehicle crashes makes a significant contribution to sustainable pedestrian safety. Existing research is based mainly on the statistical analysis of traffic crashes involving pedestrians and their causes, without the identification of areas vulnerable to traffic crashes that involve pedestrians. The main aim of this paper is to identify areas vulnerable to school-aged pedestrian–vehicle crashes at a local level to support the local authorities in implementing new urban traffic safety measures. The vulnerable areas were determined by computing the severity index (SI) based on the number of fatal, serious, and slight casualties throughout the 2011–2016 period in a large urban agglomeration (Bucharest). As well as the vulnerable areas, the triggering factors and the time intervals related to school-aged pedestrian–vehicle crashes were identified. The outcomes of the study showed that the vulnerable areas were concentrated only in districts 2 and 4 of Bucharest, and they were associated with high vehicle speed and pedestrians’ unsafe crossing behavior. The findings revealed that speed and age are triggering factors in generating school-aged pedestrian–vehicle crashes. The identified time peaks with a high number of traffic crashes correspond to the afternoon time intervals, when scholars go home from school. The identification of the areas vulnerable to school-aged pedestrian crashes may help local authorities in identifying and implementing measures to improve traffic safety in large urban agglomerations. View Full-Text
Keywords: vehicle crashes; vulnerable area; school-aged pedestrian; severity index vehicle crashes; vulnerable area; school-aged pedestrian; severity index
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Ivan, K.; Benedek, J.; Ciobanu, S.M. School-Aged Pedestrian–Vehicle Crash Vulnerability. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1214.

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