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Article

Between Imitation and Embeddedness: Three Types of Polish Alternative Food Networks

1
Institute of Sociology, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 87-100 Torun, Poland
2
Institute of Agriculture and Rural Development, Polish Academy of Science, 00-330 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(24), 7059; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247059
Received: 10 October 2019 / Revised: 29 November 2019 / Accepted: 3 December 2019 / Published: 10 December 2019
The purpose of this article is to present the specific character of Alternative Food Networks (AFNs) in Poland as one of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). We refer to the issue increasingly debated in the social sciences, that is, how to translate academic models embedded in specific social contexts to other contexts, as we trace the process of adapting ideas and patterns of AFNs developed in the West to the semi-peripheral context of CEE countries. Drawing on the theory of social practices, we divide the analysis into three essential areas: The ideas of the network, its materiality, and the activities within the network. We have done secondary analysis of the research material, including seven case studies the authors worked on in the past decade. We distinguish three network models—imitated, embedded and mixed—which allow us to establish a specific post-transformational AFN growth theory. Particular attention should be paid to the type of embedded networks, as they highlight the possibility of local and original forms of AFNs. Mixed networks show that ideas imported from abroad need to be considered in juxtaposition and connection with local circumstances. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable food systems; Central and Eastern Europe; imitation and embeddedness sustainable food systems; Central and Eastern Europe; imitation and embeddedness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Goszczyński, W.; Śpiewak, R.; Bilewicz, A.; Wróblewski, M. Between Imitation and Embeddedness: Three Types of Polish Alternative Food Networks. Sustainability 2019, 11, 7059. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247059

AMA Style

Goszczyński W, Śpiewak R, Bilewicz A, Wróblewski M. Between Imitation and Embeddedness: Three Types of Polish Alternative Food Networks. Sustainability. 2019; 11(24):7059. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247059

Chicago/Turabian Style

Goszczyński, Wojciech, Ruta Śpiewak, Aleksandra Bilewicz, and Michał Wróblewski. 2019. "Between Imitation and Embeddedness: Three Types of Polish Alternative Food Networks" Sustainability 11, no. 24: 7059. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247059

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