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Open AccessArticle

Agricultural Transformations in the Southern Cone of Latin America: Agricultural Intensification and Decrease of the Aboveground Net Primary Production, Uruguay’s Case

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Departamento de Sistemas Ambientales. Facultad de Agronomía. Universidad de la República, Montevideo 11200, Uruguay
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Laboratorio de Desarrollo Sustentable y Gestión Ambiental del Territorio. Instituto de Ecología y Ciencias Ambientales. Facultad de Ciencias. Universidad de la República, Montevideo 11200, Uruguay
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(24), 7011; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247011
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 3 December 2019 / Accepted: 4 December 2019 / Published: 8 December 2019
The agri-exporting enclaves of the current corporate food regime intensively exploit natural assets in global strategies that govern the local processes. Their multidimensional impacts contribute to the environmental and civilizational crisis. Linked to the agrarian metabolism in its appropriation phase, land use has impacts on local systems. To understand this process, it is necessary to identify the systemic and spatial expression of environmental transformation. The objective of this work was to analyze the dynamic adjustment of aboveground net primary production (ANPP) to agricultural intensification between the years 2000 and 2017, using a land use intensity index and the soils’ productive potential. Agricultural expansion and consolidation are observed, as well as the significant intensification throughout the period in 65% of the country’s area—with differences between regions—associated with soil types. ANPP is higher in areas of low land use intensity and lower in high intensity areas, varying from high to low in soils with low to high productive potential, respectively, and growing throughout the period—depending on the area, with less growth in areas of greater intensity. The appropriation of edaphic wealth puts the systemic functionality at risk and challenges these transforming dynamics, with a strong impact on southern systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural intensification; Pampa biome; agroecology; ANPP; land use change agricultural intensification; Pampa biome; agroecology; ANPP; land use change
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gazzano, I.; Achkar, M.; Díaz, I. Agricultural Transformations in the Southern Cone of Latin America: Agricultural Intensification and Decrease of the Aboveground Net Primary Production, Uruguay’s Case. Sustainability 2019, 11, 7011.

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