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Open AccessArticle

A Low-Cost Interactive Writing Board for Primary Education using Distinct Augmented Reality Markers

1
Interactive Media Design Lab, Information Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Nara 630-0192, Japan
2
Department of Computer Science and IT, University of Malakand Pakistan, Chakdara 18800, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
3
Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen 518055, China
4
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
5
Department of Computer Science, Karakoram International University, Gilgit 15100, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
D. Khan and I. Rehman are joint first authors.
Sustainability 2019, 11(20), 5720; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205720
Received: 2 September 2019 / Revised: 11 October 2019 / Accepted: 14 October 2019 / Published: 16 October 2019
Educational institutions demand cost-effective and simple-to-use augmented reality systems. ARToolKit, an open-source computer tracking library for the creation of augmented reality applications that overlay virtual imagery on the real world, is such a system. It uses a simple camera and black-and-white markers printed on paper. However, due to inter-marker confusion, if the marker distinctions are not ensured, the markers are often miss-recognized. This paper presents an ARToolKit-based Interactive Writing Board (IWB) with a simple mechanism for designing confusion-free marker libraries. The board is used for teaching single characters of Arabic/Urdu to primary level students. It uses a simple ARToolKit marker for the recognition of each character. After marker recognition, the IWB displays the corresponding image, helping students with character understanding and pronunciation. Experimental results reveal that the system improves students’ motivation and learning skills. View Full-Text
Keywords: augmented reality; computer graphics; primary education; interactive white-boards; technology-enhanced learning augmented reality; computer graphics; primary education; interactive white-boards; technology-enhanced learning
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Khan, D.; Rehman, I.; Ullah, S.; Ahmad, W.; Cheng, Z.; Jabeen, G.; Kato, H. A Low-Cost Interactive Writing Board for Primary Education using Distinct Augmented Reality Markers. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5720.

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