2. Agricultural Research and Innovation in the European Union
3. Material and Methods
4. Results and Discussion
4.1. Investment in Innovation
4.2. Rural Development Policy and Agricultural Innovation
4.3. The Operational Groups in Portugal
4.4. Case Study: The OG for Water Management Improvement in the Lis Valley Irrigation District, Portugal
Conflicts of Interest
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|Definition||National Agricultural Research System||Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation System||Agricultural and Innovation Systems||Prospects for Farmers’ Support: Advisory Services in European AKIS|
|Propose||Planning capacity for agricultural research, technology development, and technology transfer||Strengthening communication and knowledge delivery services to people in the rural sector||Produce new products, new processes, and new forms of organization into economic use||Develop an inventory of agricultural advisory services in the EU where knowledge can flow. Develop the dynamics among advisory services, organizations, and other actors of the agricultural knowledge system|
|Actors||National agricultural research organizations, agricultural universities or agriculture colleges, extension services, and farmers||National agricultural research organizations, agricultural universities or agriculture colleges, extension services, people engaged in farm activities, NGOs, and entrepreneurs in rural areas||Potentially all actors in the public and private sectors involved in the creation, diffusion, adaptation, and use of all types of knowledge relevant to agricultural production and marketing||Set of organizations, public and private. Formal extension services, training, and post-secondary education. NGOs, administration members, or research institutions.|
|Organizing Principle||Using science to create inventions||Accessing agricultural knowledge||New uses of knowledge for social and economic change||Produce advisory services as an intangible service activity and as intangible investments|
|M€||%||M€||%||M€||%||M€||%||M€||%||M€||%||M€||%||M€||%||M€||%||AGR (%)||AGR (%)|
|Natural sciences and engineering||2166||84||2275||82||2246||81||2113||82||1931||101||1838||81||1818||81%||1813||81||1580||66||−27.0||−3.9||−8.2|
|Engineering and technology||1027||40||1204||43||1118||41||1115||197||1000||100||939||42||892||40%||910||41||1018||43||−0.9||−0.1||−2.8|
|Medical and health sciences||278||11||290||10||311||11||327||29||301||100||277||12||284||13%||288||13||290||12||4.0||0.5||−0.4|
|Agricultural and veterinary sciences||87||3||107||4||98||4||105||32||96||100||81||4||80||4%||74||3||74||3||−14.5||−1.9||−4.0|
|Social sciences, humanities, and arts||420||16||496||18||512||19||454||430||389||100||420||19||415||19%||421||19||441||18||5.2||0.6||−1.8|
|Humanities and arts||109||4||153||6||155||6||144||47||134||100||157||7||159||7%||145||6||156||7||43.1||4.6||1.7|
|1: Knowledge Transfer and Innovation||FA 1A: Fostering innovation, cooperation, and development of the knowledge base in rural areas|
FA 1B: Strengthening the links between agriculture, food production, and forestry with research and innovation
FA 1C: Fostering lifelong learning and vocational training in the agricultural and forestry sectors.
|2: Farm Viability and Competitiveness||FA 2A: Improving the economic performance of all farms and facilitating farm restructuring and modernization|
FA 2B: Facilitating the entry of adequately skilled farmers into the agricultural sector and generational renewal.
|3: Food Chain Organization and Risk Management||FA 3A: Improving competitiveness of primary producers by improving their integration into the agri-food chain|
FA 3B: Supporting farm risk prevention and management
|4: Restoring, Preserving and Enhancing Ecosystems||FA 4A: Restoring, preserving, and enhancing biodiversity|
FA 4B: Improving water management
FA 4C: Preventing soil erosion and improving soil management
|5: Resource-efficient Climate-resilient Economy||FA 5A: Increasing efficiency in water use by agriculture|
FA 5B: Increasing efficient energy use in agriculture and food processing
FA 5C: Facilitating the supply and use of renewable sources of energy
FA 5D: Reducing greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions from agriculture
FA 5E: Fostering carbon conservation and sequestration in agriculture and forestry
|6: Social Inclusion and Economic Development||FA 6A: Facilitating the diversification, creation, and development of small enterprises, as well as job creation|
FA 6B: Fostering local development in rural areas
FA 6C: Enhancing the accessibility, use, and quality of information and communication technologies (ICT) in rural areas.
|DK||Denmark||HU||Hungary||NL||The Netherlands||UK||United Kingdom|
|P2A. Improving the economic performance of farms through restructuring and modernization, with the aim of improving market orientation and diversification||2000|
|P3A. Increasing the competitiveness of farmers through better integration of the agri-food supply chain, increased quality, added value, and promotion in short circuits, and through integration on producer organizations||4304|
|P4. Restoring and preserving agricultural and forest ecosystems||8320|
|P5A. Increased water-use efficiency in agriculture||4992|
|P5B. Increased energy-use efficiency in the agri-food industry||3328|
|P5C. Supply promotion of renewable energies and by-products to promote bioeconomics||2496|
|P5E. Promoting the conservation and sequestration of carbon in agroforestry sector||1664|
|P6B. Development of rural areas||3328|
|1nd Priority||Increased resource efficiency in agricultural and forestry production|
|2nd Priority||Improved management of agricultural and forestry systems|
|2nd Priority||Improved market integration|
|4nd Priority||Valorization of territories|
|Parameters||Type of Criterion||Points|
|N: Non-overlap with Other Operational Groups’ initiatives|
|T: Thematic of the plan|
|Increased resource efficiency in agricultural and forestry production||1st priority||20|
|Improved management of agricultural and forestry systems||2st priority||15|
|Improved market integration||3st priority||10|
|Valorization of territories||4st priority||5|
|A: Adequacy of the partnership to the action plan:|
|A1: Number of firms involved in the total number of project partners|
|>33% and ≤50%||10|
|A2: Rationale of human resources assigned to the project|
|≥50% and <80%,||10|
|A3: Degree of qualification and experience of the technical team|
|Percentage of human resources with university degrees, and no. of professional years||≥75% University degree (U. degree) and ≥10 years of professional experience (P. Exp.)||20|
|≥75% U. degree and ≥5 and <10 years of P. Exp. or ≥50% U. degree and ≥10 years of P. Exp.|
<50% U. degree and 75% without U. degree and ≥5 years of P. Exp.
|≥50% U. degree and <75% without University degree and ≥5 years of P. Exp.||10|
|<50% U. degree and ≥5 years of P. Exp.||5|
|A4: Transnational cooperation|
|No. of cooperation with firms||Cooperation with firms outside of national territory:||20|
|Cooperation with international research centers outside of national territory||10|
|No international cooperation||0|
|P: Quality of the demonstration plan and dissemination of results|
|Web environment for the project results||4. Typologies||20|
|Colloquiums or congresses||3. Typologies||15|
|Focus groups||2. Typologies||10|
|Technical publications||1. Typologies||5|
|Q: Quality of the action plan:|
|Q1: Innovation factor|
|Product and process innovation||20|
|Product and marketing innovation||15|
|Product or process or innovation||10|
|None of the above||0|
|Q2: Positioning in the Value Chain|
|Attributed due to the importance of the action plan in the value chain||Focus exclusively on primary production of agricultural or forestry products||20|
|Focus partially on primary production of agricultural or forestry products||10|
|Focus on the first processing of agricultural or forestry products||5|
|None of the above||0|
|Operations||Public Expenditure Allocated||Application Submitted||Applications Review||Applications Approved||Applications Not Approved||Contracts||Rate of Contracts in Total Applications Review||Total Invest./Public Exp.|
|Total||Carry||Progr.||No.||Invest||No.||Invest||Public Exp.||No.||Invest||Public Exp.||No.||Invest.||No.||Invest.||Public Exp.||No.||Invest||Public Exp.|
|A1. Innovation and knowledge||95.1||13.0||60.9||1883||147.6||1878||145.0||82.7||1087||79.3||44.6||103||15.9||949||52.8||39.9||51||36||48||42|
|1.0.1. Operational Groups||42.1||11.5||30.4||1471||74.9||1470||74.7||49.1||912||46.6||29.2||2||0.0||809||34.4||25.8||55||46||53||61|
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