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Open AccessArticle

Farmers’ Perception and Drivers of Membership in Rice Production Community Enterprises: Evidence from the Central Region, Thailand

1
Department of Development and Sustainability, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, Klong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
2
Division of Social Statistics and Demography, University of Southampton, University Road Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
3
School of Management, Asian Institute of Technology, Klong Luang, Pathum Tthani 12120, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(19), 5445; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195445
Received: 19 September 2019 / Revised: 27 September 2019 / Accepted: 29 September 2019 / Published: 1 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture)
In rapidly developing economies such as Thailand, farmers face multiple challenges preventing them from improving their livelihoods, and are therefore reverting to collective action as a means to overcome those obstacles. Community enterprises (CEs) have recently emerged as a new form of such collective action, yet there is limited evidence regarding farmers’ perception of rice production CEs (RPCEs) and the specific factors influencing their decision to join. In order to fill this gap, primary data were collected through questionnaires administered to 406 farmers in six districts in Uthai Thani province in the central region of Thailand. A weighted average index (WAI) was employed to assess the farmers’ perception of RPCEs’ role, and a binary logit regression model was used to investigate the determinants of perception and membership in RPCEs. The results revealed that both members and non-members perceived RPCEs as a saving source but not a credit provider. Compared to non-members, members put more emphasis on the product competition with rivals. Decision to join was associated with small landholdings, diversity of rice varieties cultivated, participation in networks, membership of economic groups, access to extension services, access to credit, and proximity to the market. The results suggest that production-oriented and marketing-oriented policies should be promoted in order to encourage farmers to cultivate organic rice and rice for the niche market to supply to RPCEs in order to generate greater group income. View Full-Text
Keywords: community enterprise; rice production; perception; decision to join; membership; Thailand community enterprise; rice production; perception; decision to join; membership; Thailand
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MDPI and ACS Style

Petcho, W.; Szabo, S.; Kusakabe, K.; Yukongdi, V. Farmers’ Perception and Drivers of Membership in Rice Production Community Enterprises: Evidence from the Central Region, Thailand. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5445. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195445

AMA Style

Petcho W, Szabo S, Kusakabe K, Yukongdi V. Farmers’ Perception and Drivers of Membership in Rice Production Community Enterprises: Evidence from the Central Region, Thailand. Sustainability. 2019; 11(19):5445. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195445

Chicago/Turabian Style

Petcho, Wachira; Szabo, Sylvia; Kusakabe, Kyoko; Yukongdi, Vimolwan. 2019. "Farmers’ Perception and Drivers of Membership in Rice Production Community Enterprises: Evidence from the Central Region, Thailand" Sustainability 11, no. 19: 5445. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195445

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