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A Typology-Based Approach for Assessing Qualities and Determinants of Adoption of Sustainable Water Use Technologies in Coping with Context Diversity: The Case of Mechanized Raised-Bed Technology in Egypt

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Resilient Agricultural Livelihood Systems Program (RALSP), International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), 2 Port Said Str., Maadi, Cairo 11711, Egypt
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Resilient Agricultural Livelihood Systems Program (RALSP), International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), El-Rawaby Neighborhood, Yousef el Sukkar Str. Building No. 8, Amman 11195, Jordan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(19), 5428; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195428
Received: 27 June 2019 / Revised: 7 September 2019 / Accepted: 20 September 2019 / Published: 30 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
Mechanized raised-bed technology (MRBT) is recognized as an important measure to achieve higher crop productivity and water-use efficiency in intensive irrigated systems. Development efforts on spreading this technology require adequate understanding of the qualities and drivers of farmers’ adoption of MRBT. Research in agricultural innovation adoption has identified the importance of the socio-ecological context (SEC) that influences the livelihood of farmers adopting new technologies. This study introduces an agricultural livelihood systems (ALS) typology-based approach for guiding concrete analytical steps and statistical methods in evaluating the effects of system SEC diversity in two Egyptian governorates. We objectively classify a population of sampled farming households into a limited number of ALS types and use inferential statistics for the whole sampled population and individual ALS types to discover adoption drivers. Values added by the ALS approach confirm the widespread role of common determinants of MRBT adoption across ALS types, household groups subject to the effects MRBT, and show new causal effects. The presented advanced approach and empirical findings will be useful for enhancing targeting and out-scaling of MRBT practices toward achieving sustainable agricultural water uses at scale. View Full-Text
Keywords: irrigated system; water-use efficiency; agricultural livelihood system; socio-ecological context; typology; mechanized raised-bed technology; adoption; contextual diversity; out-scaling; Egypt irrigated system; water-use efficiency; agricultural livelihood system; socio-ecological context; typology; mechanized raised-bed technology; adoption; contextual diversity; out-scaling; Egypt
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Le, Q.B.; Dhehibi, B. A Typology-Based Approach for Assessing Qualities and Determinants of Adoption of Sustainable Water Use Technologies in Coping with Context Diversity: The Case of Mechanized Raised-Bed Technology in Egypt. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5428.

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