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Article

Assessing Sustainability in Rural Water Supply Systems in Developing Countries Using a Novel Tool Based on Multi-Criteria Analysis

1
Universidad Industrial de Santander, Cra 27 calle 9, Bucaramanga, Santander 680002, Colombia
2
School of Public and International Affairs, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(19), 5363; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195363
Received: 27 August 2019 / Revised: 9 September 2019 / Accepted: 10 September 2019 / Published: 27 September 2019
Rural water supply systems (RWSS) in developing countries typically have deficiencies that threaten their sustainability. This research used Multi-Criteria Analysis and the Analytical Hierarchy Process to identify indicators that can be used to assess the sustainability of RWSS. The assessment tool developed is composed of 17 attributes with 95 quantifiable indicators. The tool enables the assessment of the sustainability of RWSS, using data collected through semi-structured interviews, social cartography, technical inspection, household surveys, and water monitoring. The tool was applied in a case study of a RWSS in the Andean region of Colombia, illustrating a participatory, holistic, and structured assessment that provided a single sustainability measure for the system (3.0/5.0). The tool’s completeness is represented by its extensive attributes and indicators that deliver a robust baseline on the state of a system, help identify improvement strategies, and monitor system performance over time that can assists rural community organizations with RWSS management. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability assessment; rural water supply systems; developing countries; multi-criteria analysis; analytical hierarchy process sustainability assessment; rural water supply systems; developing countries; multi-criteria analysis; analytical hierarchy process
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MDPI and ACS Style

Domínguez, I.; Oviedo-Ocaña, E.R.; Hurtado, K.; Barón, A.; Hall, R.P. Assessing Sustainability in Rural Water Supply Systems in Developing Countries Using a Novel Tool Based on Multi-Criteria Analysis. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5363. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195363

AMA Style

Domínguez I, Oviedo-Ocaña ER, Hurtado K, Barón A, Hall RP. Assessing Sustainability in Rural Water Supply Systems in Developing Countries Using a Novel Tool Based on Multi-Criteria Analysis. Sustainability. 2019; 11(19):5363. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195363

Chicago/Turabian Style

Domínguez, Isabel, Edgar R. Oviedo-Ocaña, Karen Hurtado, Andrés Barón, and Ralph P. Hall 2019. "Assessing Sustainability in Rural Water Supply Systems in Developing Countries Using a Novel Tool Based on Multi-Criteria Analysis" Sustainability 11, no. 19: 5363. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195363

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