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Article

The Spatiotemporal Distribution of Flash Floods and Analysis of Partition Driving Forces in Yunnan Province

1
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
3
China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(10), 2926; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102926
Received: 10 April 2019 / Revised: 9 May 2019 / Accepted: 20 May 2019 / Published: 23 May 2019
Flash floods are one of the most serious natural disasters, and have a significant impact on economic development. In this study, we employed the spatiotemporal analysis method to measure the spatial–temporal distribution of flash floods and examined the relationship between flash floods and driving factors in different subregions of landcover. Furthermore, we analyzed the response of flash floods on the economic development by sensitivity analysis. The results indicated that the number of flash floods occurring annually increased gradually from 1949 to 2015, and regions with a high quantity of flash floods were concentrated in Zhaotong, Qujing, Kunming, Yuxi, Chuxiong, Dali, and Baoshan. Specifically, precipitation and elevation had a more significant effect on flash floods in the settlement than in other subregions, with a high r (Pearson’s correlation coefficient) value of 0.675, 0.674, 0.593, 0.519, and 0.395 for the 10 min precipitation in 20-year return period, elevation, 60 min precipitation in 20-year return period, 24 h precipitation in 20-year return period, and 6 h precipitation in 20-year return period, respectively. The sensitivity analysis showed that the Kunming had the highest sensitivity (S = 21.86) during 2000–2005. Based on the research results, we should focus on heavy precipitation events for flash flood prevention and forecasting in the short term; but human activities and ecosystem vulnerability should be controlled over the long term. View Full-Text
Keywords: flash flood; driving factor; sensitivity analysis; subregion of landcover; Yunnan Province flash flood; driving factor; sensitivity analysis; subregion of landcover; Yunnan Province
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xiong, J.; Ye, C.; Cheng, W.; Guo, L.; Zhou, C.; Zhang, X. The Spatiotemporal Distribution of Flash Floods and Analysis of Partition Driving Forces in Yunnan Province. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2926. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102926

AMA Style

Xiong J, Ye C, Cheng W, Guo L, Zhou C, Zhang X. The Spatiotemporal Distribution of Flash Floods and Analysis of Partition Driving Forces in Yunnan Province. Sustainability. 2019; 11(10):2926. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102926

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xiong, Junnan, Chongchong Ye, Weiming Cheng, Liang Guo, Chenghu Zhou, and Xiaolei Zhang. 2019. "The Spatiotemporal Distribution of Flash Floods and Analysis of Partition Driving Forces in Yunnan Province" Sustainability 11, no. 10: 2926. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102926

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