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Spatial Design of Childcare Facilities Based on Biophilic Design Patterns

1
Department of Architectural Engineering, Keimyung University, Daegu 42601, Korea
2
Department of Interior Architecture & Built Environment, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(10), 2851; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102851
Received: 25 March 2019 / Revised: 30 April 2019 / Accepted: 12 May 2019 / Published: 19 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
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Abstract

This study covers the issue of insufficient childcare support, which is part of the combined social problem of low birth rates and aging, and sets the direction for the environmental improvement of childcare facilities. This study aims to find the clues to creating an optimized environment for children in nature, which is a key factor that generally promotes children’s physical, cognitive, and social development. In this paper, we conducted a literature review and case study to determine the spatial design characteristics of childcare facilities based on a biophilic design and survey. This study reached five conclusions. Firstly, childcare facilities need a spatial design to have a view of the natural ecosystem outside to increase children’s concentration and provide a pleasant environment. Secondly, there is a need for open space that makes observation and monitoring more convenient in the different spaces of childcare facilities. Thirdly, childcare facilities need a spatial design where children can enjoy various sensory experiences related to nature. Fourthly, childcare facilities must have an interesting and familiar spatial design using natural elements. Lastly, there must be hiding places considering the children’s stage of development and learning ability. The results will be used as the baseline data for the spatial design and planning of childcare facilities based on biophilic design. View Full-Text
Keywords: spatial design; childcare facility; biophilic design patterns; childcare; facility planning; biophilia spatial design; childcare facility; biophilic design patterns; childcare; facility planning; biophilia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Park, S.J.; Lee, H.C. Spatial Design of Childcare Facilities Based on Biophilic Design Patterns. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2851.

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