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Assessing Polycentric Urban Development in Mountainous Cities: The Case of Chongqing Metropolitan Area, China

1
School of Construction Management and Real Estate, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China
2
School of Planning, Design, and Construction & Center for Global Change and Earth Observation, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
3
Department of Land Management, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China
4
School of Urban Design, Wuhan University, Wuhang 430072, China
5
Beijing Tsinghua Tongheng Urban Planning and Design Institute, Beijing 100085, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(10), 2790; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102790
Received: 15 March 2019 / Revised: 3 May 2019 / Accepted: 7 May 2019 / Published: 15 May 2019
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Abstract

Mountainous settlements accommodate nearly one tenth of the world’s population. Most mountainous cities have adopted the strategy of polycentric urban development due to an asymmetric geography, which has received little attention from mainstream research. To fill the research gap, we proposed an analytical framework and conducted a multi-dimensional measurement of polycentricity. Taking Chongqing for the case study, this work confirmed that polycentricity is morphological and functional in mountainous cities. Polycentricity is believed to be particularly applicable to mountainous and water-rich landscapes, leading to an appropriate, balanced distribution and the strong multi-directional connectivity of urban nodes. This characteristic may partly result from natural determinism and long-term planning adaptation, complementary to market forces. Policy implications for planning such as avoiding excessive encroachment on natural barriers and increasing functional linkage in newly established subcenters were also proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: mountainous city; polycentricity; urban form; morphological; functional mountainous city; polycentricity; urban form; morphological; functional
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Liu, Y.; Fan, P.; Yue, W.; Huang, J.; Li, D.; Tian, Z. Assessing Polycentric Urban Development in Mountainous Cities: The Case of Chongqing Metropolitan Area, China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2790.

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