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The Farmers’ Channel Selection and Sustainable Analysis under Carbon Tax Policy

1
School of Economics and Commerce, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China
2
School of Electric Power, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China
3
School of Design, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(10), 2765; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102765
Received: 5 April 2019 / Revised: 26 April 2019 / Accepted: 10 May 2019 / Published: 14 May 2019
This paper examines a farmer’s channel selection in a supply chain led by a retailer, considering carbon emissions and products’ deterioration. Three channels—online channels, retail channels, and dual channels—are proposed. The inventory model of perishable products and the two-stage Stackelberg game model are used to illustrate the operational process. To compare performances of the three channel structures, we further determine the critical points consisting of the profits and the carbon emissions among these channels. The results provide useful insights for supply chain members and the government. Farmers can choose a channel to optimize profit with respect to deterioration rate and product yield, but it might conflict with the aim of least carbon emissions. When the deterioration rate is high, the online channel is not a suitable choice. For the government, the carbon tax contributes to the reduction of carbon emissions, but it also leads to the loss of the farmer’s profit. Additionally, numerical results further illustrate that, from the perspective of the government, transporting and inventory processes are two major sources of emissions, and it is essential to implement carbon tax and exploit low-carbon transportation. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural product; channel selection; carbon tax; sustainability agricultural product; channel selection; carbon tax; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zheng, C.; Pang, Q.; Li, T.; Wang, G.; Cai, Y.; Yang, L. The Farmers’ Channel Selection and Sustainable Analysis under Carbon Tax Policy. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2765. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102765

AMA Style

Zheng C, Pang Q, Li T, Wang G, Cai Y, Yang L. The Farmers’ Channel Selection and Sustainable Analysis under Carbon Tax Policy. Sustainability. 2019; 11(10):2765. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102765

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zheng, Cong, Quangui Pang, Tianpei Li, Guizheng Wang, Yiji Cai, and Lei Yang. 2019. "The Farmers’ Channel Selection and Sustainable Analysis under Carbon Tax Policy" Sustainability 11, no. 10: 2765. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102765

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