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Sustainability 2018, 10(8), 2616; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082616

Facilitating Change for Climate-Smart Agriculture through Science-Policy Engagement

1
CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), International Center for Tropical Agriculture, Km 17, Recta Cali–Palmira CP, 763537 Cali, Colombia
2
CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), West & Central Africa Regional Office, BP 320 Bamako, Mali
3
Environmental Governance Group, Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Princetonlaan 8a, PO Box 80115, 3584 CB Utrecht, The Netherlands
4
Ecole de Foresterie et d’Ingénierie du Bois, Université Nationale d’Agriculture du Benin, Kétou BP 43, Benin
5
CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), PO Box 30709, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
6
CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Borlaug Institute for South Asia (BISA), International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT), New Delhi 110012, India
7
International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), DAPO Box 7777, Metro Manila 1301, Philippines
8
Bioversity International, Via dei Tre Denari, 472/a, 00054 Maccarese, Fiumicino, Italy
9
CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Wageningen University and Research, Droevendaalsesteeg 3a, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 June 2018 / Revised: 18 July 2018 / Accepted: 20 July 2018 / Published: 26 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Governance for Climate Smart Agriculture)
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Abstract

Climate change impacts on agriculture have become evident, and threaten the achievement of global food security. On the other hand, the agricultural sector itself is a cause of climate change, and if actions are not taken, the sector might impede the achievement of global climate goals. Science-policy engagement efforts are crucial to ensure that scientific findings from agricultural research for development inform actions of governments, private sector, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and international development partners, accelerating progress toward global goals. However, knowledge gaps on what works limit progress. In this paper, we analyzed 34 case studies of science-policy engagement efforts, drawn from six years of agricultural research for development efforts around climate-smart agriculture by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). Based on lessons derived from these case studies, we critically assessed and refined the program theory of the CCAFS program, leading to a revised and improved program theory for science-policy engagement for agriculture research for development under climate change. This program theory offers a pragmatic pathway to enhance credibility, salience and legitimacy of research, which relies on engagement (participatory and demand-driven research processes), evidence (building scientific credibility while adopting an opportunistic and flexible approach) and outreach (effective communication and capacity building). View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; agriculture; science-policy interface; science-policy engagement; agricultural research for development; adaptation; mitigation; food security; climate-smart agriculture climate change; agriculture; science-policy interface; science-policy engagement; agricultural research for development; adaptation; mitigation; food security; climate-smart agriculture
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Dinesh, D.; Zougmore, R.B.; Vervoort, J.; Totin, E.; Thornton, P.K.; Solomon, D.; Shirsath, P.B.; Pede, V.O.; Lopez Noriega, I.; Läderach, P.; Körner, J.; Hegger, D.; Girvetz, E.H.; Friis, A.E.; Driessen, P.P.J.; Campbell, B.M. Facilitating Change for Climate-Smart Agriculture through Science-Policy Engagement. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2616.

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