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Open AccessArticle

Indicators of Land Insecurity for Urban Farms: Institutional Affiliation, Investment, and Location

by Joshua Arnold 1,* and Paul Rogé 1,2
Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-3114, USA
The Cooperative New School for Urban Studies and Environmental Justice, Birmingham, AL 35206, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1963;
Received: 17 April 2018 / Revised: 27 May 2018 / Accepted: 7 June 2018 / Published: 12 June 2018
As urban agriculture (UA) continues to expand in the United States, many practitioners question its continuation in cities with high property values and increased economic incentives for development. Frequently, these pressures make urban farmers anxious about investing resources, time, and energy in land suitable for food production if tenure is insecure. Despite these concerns, UA continues to persist in areas experiencing increased property values and rent-seeking. Based on surveys with over 56 urban farm managers in California, we identify possible indicators of land tenure insecurity for urban farms. Our analysis finds that urban farms with greater land security have more financial and institutional support, and are located in census tracts with higher economic opportunity. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban agriculture; security of tenure; California urban agriculture; security of tenure; California
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Arnold, J.; Rogé, P. Indicators of Land Insecurity for Urban Farms: Institutional Affiliation, Investment, and Location. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1963.

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