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Open AccessArticle

A Typology Framework for Trade-Offs in Development and Disaster Risk Reduction: A Case Study of Typhoon Haiyan Recovery in Tacloban, Philippines

Stockholm Environment Institute, Tallinn Centre, Tallinn 10416, Estonia
International Centre of Excellence on Transforming Development and Disaster Risk, Stockholm Environment Institute and Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR) Programme, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Stockholm Environment Institute, Asia Centre, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm Centre, Stockholm 10451, Sweden
Faculty for Social Science and Public Policy, King’s College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS, UK
Division of Social Sciences, UP Visayas Tacloban College; Tacloban City 6500, Philippines
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1924;
Received: 29 April 2018 / Revised: 30 May 2018 / Accepted: 4 June 2018 / Published: 8 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transforming Development and Disaster Risk)
Development and disaster risk are deeply linked. Disasters reverse development gains; development initiatives influence the risk, vulnerability, and exposure of people, assets, and environments to disasters. Hence, knowledge of key dimensions of the potential trade-offs between development and disaster risk reduction (DRR) may inform decision-making processes, goals, and initiatives in ways that have potential to address unsustainable development practices that are commonplace in countries of all economic levels. This paper presents, explores, and tests a conceptual framework for analysing the trade-offs that underpin this relationship as evidenced through policy goals, initiatives, and decision-making processes. We categorise key dimensions of relevant trade-offs into five specific dimensions: (i) The aggregation of development and DRR gains and losses, (ii) risk prioritisation when seeking to reduce multiple risks, (iii) the equity of decision-making processes and outcomes, (iv) the balancing of near- and long-term goals, and (v) the distribution of power and participation. By framing key questions related to each trade-off dimension, we test the framework in the context of a major disaster recovery process in Tacloban, the Philippines, following Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) in November 2013. We consider how decision-making trade-offs can be made more visible and useful in the pursuit of transformative change in development and DRR. View Full-Text
Keywords: development; disaster risk; DRR; trade-offs; Typhoon Haiyan development; disaster risk; DRR; trade-offs; Typhoon Haiyan
MDPI and ACS Style

Tuhkanen, H.; Boyland, M.; Han, G.; Patel, A.; Johnson, K.; Rosemarin, A.; Lim Mangada, L. A Typology Framework for Trade-Offs in Development and Disaster Risk Reduction: A Case Study of Typhoon Haiyan Recovery in Tacloban, Philippines. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1924.

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