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Article

A Typology Framework for Trade-Offs in Development and Disaster Risk Reduction: A Case Study of Typhoon Haiyan Recovery in Tacloban, Philippines

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Stockholm Environment Institute, Tallinn Centre, Tallinn 10416, Estonia
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International Centre of Excellence on Transforming Development and Disaster Risk, Stockholm Environment Institute and Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR) Programme, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
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Stockholm Environment Institute, Asia Centre, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
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Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm Centre, Stockholm 10451, Sweden
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Faculty for Social Science and Public Policy, King’s College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS, UK
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Division of Social Sciences, UP Visayas Tacloban College; Tacloban City 6500, Philippines
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1924; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061924
Received: 29 April 2018 / Revised: 30 May 2018 / Accepted: 4 June 2018 / Published: 8 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transforming Development and Disaster Risk)
Development and disaster risk are deeply linked. Disasters reverse development gains; development initiatives influence the risk, vulnerability, and exposure of people, assets, and environments to disasters. Hence, knowledge of key dimensions of the potential trade-offs between development and disaster risk reduction (DRR) may inform decision-making processes, goals, and initiatives in ways that have potential to address unsustainable development practices that are commonplace in countries of all economic levels. This paper presents, explores, and tests a conceptual framework for analysing the trade-offs that underpin this relationship as evidenced through policy goals, initiatives, and decision-making processes. We categorise key dimensions of relevant trade-offs into five specific dimensions: (i) The aggregation of development and DRR gains and losses, (ii) risk prioritisation when seeking to reduce multiple risks, (iii) the equity of decision-making processes and outcomes, (iv) the balancing of near- and long-term goals, and (v) the distribution of power and participation. By framing key questions related to each trade-off dimension, we test the framework in the context of a major disaster recovery process in Tacloban, the Philippines, following Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) in November 2013. We consider how decision-making trade-offs can be made more visible and useful in the pursuit of transformative change in development and DRR. View Full-Text
Keywords: development; disaster risk; DRR; trade-offs; Typhoon Haiyan development; disaster risk; DRR; trade-offs; Typhoon Haiyan
MDPI and ACS Style

Tuhkanen, H.; Boyland, M.; Han, G.; Patel, A.; Johnson, K.; Rosemarin, A.; Lim Mangada, L. A Typology Framework for Trade-Offs in Development and Disaster Risk Reduction: A Case Study of Typhoon Haiyan Recovery in Tacloban, Philippines. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1924. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061924

AMA Style

Tuhkanen H, Boyland M, Han G, Patel A, Johnson K, Rosemarin A, Lim Mangada L. A Typology Framework for Trade-Offs in Development and Disaster Risk Reduction: A Case Study of Typhoon Haiyan Recovery in Tacloban, Philippines. Sustainability. 2018; 10(6):1924. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061924

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tuhkanen, Heidi, Michael Boyland, Guoyi Han, Anjalee Patel, Karlee Johnson, Arno Rosemarin, and Ladylyn Lim Mangada. 2018. "A Typology Framework for Trade-Offs in Development and Disaster Risk Reduction: A Case Study of Typhoon Haiyan Recovery in Tacloban, Philippines" Sustainability 10, no. 6: 1924. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061924

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